Chand Baori, one of the oldest step-wells built during the 8th and 9th centuries in the Abhaneri village, Rajasthan, was equipped with cooling system. Interestingly, the cooling system of the Baori was as sufficient as today’s modern technology. It was one of the most advanced cooling technologies.

The cooling system of Chand Baori has 3,500 narrow steps arranged in perfect symmetry in descending order to the bottom of the well which go down to 13 floors. It is believed that a temple, Harshat Mata, nearby to Baori blessed this place to always remain cheerful (cool).

The Baori, built by King Chanda, the descendant of Lord Ram's younger brother Laxman, is one of the deepest wells in the world. The well has steps built into the sides that lead down to the water. It is also said that centuries ago, step-wells were built in the arid zones of Rajasthan to provide water all year through.The structure of Baori is based on geometry-science which is testament of the science prevalent during 8th-9th centuries. The steps are in the form of magical maze and the consequent play of light and shadow adds to the beauty of the structur

There are Jharokhas (windows) inside the enclosed rectangular courtyard, criss-crossed with double flights of steps on three sides to reach the reservoir below. The Baori keeps the air 5-6 degrees cooler the outside temperature. The stairs encircle water body from three sides while the fourth side boasts of a pavilion with three storeys with beautifully carved jharokhas, galleries supported on pillars, and two projecting balconies enshrining beautiful sculptures.


Written by Raju Kumar/JPN

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