The fortresses were like closed metropolitan cities. They had all the facilities, including own market, assemblies, and schools. Families close to the royals were allowed to live inside the fortress. Encompassed with high walls, fortresses were almost unconquerable until the gates were not opened.

Here, we bring 10 grand fortresses in the world:

1. Chittorgarh Fort, India: One of the largest forts in India, Chittorgarh fort is a World Heritage Site. The fort, popularly known as Chittor, was the capital of Mewar. There is no clear evidence to suggest or inform as to who had built the fort, but it is cited in the Mahabharat epic that Bhima had started building the castle. Later it was ruled by many Rajput clans and it was also sieged by Emperor Akbar in 1567.


2. Windsor Castle, England: The castle was built on the banks of Thames River after the Norman invasion of England by William in the 11th century.

3. Malbork Castle, Poland: Listed in UNESCO World Heritage sites, Malbork fort is the world’s largest brick castle. It was constructed by the Teutonic Order in 1406 after the conquest of Old Prussia. The fort is also the largest castle in the world in terms of surface area.

4. Mukachevo Castle, Ukraine: Popularly known as the Palanok Castle, the construction started around the 14th century. Mukachevo Castle has three parts – the high, middle, and low castle.

5. Citadel of Aleppo, Syria: Included in the World Heritage Site list in 1986, it is one of the largest and oldest castles in the world. It is assumed that the castle was built during 3rd millennium BC.

6. Murud-Janjira, India: Built during the 15th century on an island, Raigad district of Maharashtra, Murud-Janjira is regarded as one of the most resilient marine forts ever built.

7. Mehrangarh Fort, India: Built in the year 1459 by Rao Jodha, the founder of royal Jodhpur, Mehrangarh Fort is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. It is located at Jodhpur, Rajasthan.

8. Konigstein Fortress, Germany: Popularly known as Saxon Bastille, Konigstein Fortress is situated on the left bank of the River Elbe near Dresden, Saxon Switzerland, Germany. It is one of the largest fortresses in Europe. The oldest surviving structure of the fort is ‘chapel’ which was built during the 13th century.

9. Alamut Castle, Iran: Alamut Castle is virtually one of the unconquerable fortresses without insider’s help due to its geographical position over a high mountain. Located near the Rudbar region, about 100 kilometers from Tehran, Iran, it is christened as the Eagle’s Nest.

10. Masada, Israel: Situated on a rock plateau in the Southern District of Israel, Masada Fortress is Israel’s most popular tourist destination.  Masada was built between 37 and 31 BCE by Herod the Great.

Source: Topyaps

In pics: Ten greatest fortresses in the world

 

New Delhi: History lovers choose books to read about a particular era or event. But there are some who visit historical places, like fortresses or castles to get the first-hand experience of the times gone by.

The ruins of fortresses and castles recount the royal glory and elegance of a particular dynasty or emperor.  Viewing these magnificent structures in the light of luxurious royal lives of kings or their architecture is not doing justice as fortresses house many other features as well amazing stories for history lovers.

The fortresses were like closed metropolitan cities. They had all the facilities, including own market, assemblies, and schools. Families close to the royals were allowed to live inside the fortress. Encompassed with high walls, fortresses were almost unconquerable until the gates were not opened.

Here, we bring 10 grand fortresses in the world

Chittorgarh Fort, India: One of the largest forts in India, Chittorgarh fort is a World Heritage Site. The fort, popularly known as Chittor, was the capital of Mewar. There is no clear evidence to suggest or inform as to who had built the fort, but it is cited in the Mahabharat epic that Bhima had started building the castle. Later it was ruled by many Rajput clans and it was also sieged by Emperor Akbar in 1567.

Windsor Castle, England: The castle was built on the banks of Thames River after the Norman invasion of England by William in the 11th century.

Malbork Castle, Poland: Listed in UNESCO World Heritage sites, Malbork fort is the world’s largest brick castle. It was constructed by the Teutonic Order in 1406 after the conquest of Old Prussia. The fort is also the largest castle in the world in terms of surface area.

Mukachevo Castle, Ukraine: Popularly known as the Palanok Castle, the construction started around the 14th century. Mukachevo Castle has three parts – the high, middle, and low castle.

Citadel of Aleppo, Syria: Included in the World Heritage Site list in 1986, it is one of the largest and oldest castles in the world. It is assumed that the castle was built during 3rd millennium BC.

Murud-Janjira, India: Built during the 15th century on an island, Raigad district of Maharashtra, Murud-Janjira is regarded as one of the most resilient marine forts ever built.

Mehrangarh Fort, India: Built in the year 1459 by Rao Jodha, the founder of royal Jodhpur, Mehrangarh Fort is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. It is located at Jodhpur, Rajasthan.

 Konigstein Fortress, Germany: Popularly known as Saxon Bastille, Konigstein Fortress is situated on the left bank of the River Elbe near Dresden, Saxon Switzerland, Germany. It is one of the largest fortresses in Europe. The oldest surviving structure of the fort is ‘chapel’ which was built during the 13th century.

Alamut Castle, Iran: Alamut Castle is virtually one of the unconquerable fortresses without insider’s help due to its geographical position over a high mountain. Located near the Rudbar region, about 100 kilometers from Tehran, Iran, it is christened as the Eagle’s Nest.

Masada, Israel: Situated on a rock plateau in the Southern District of Israel, Masada Fortress is Israel’s most popular tourist destination.  Masada was built between 37 and 31 BCE by Herod the Great.

Source: Topyaps