New Delhi: India has initiated 149 anti- dumping cases against China, which accounted for over half of such actions taken by the country against foreign nations, the Parliament was informed on Wednesday.

The Directorate General of Anti-Dumping and Allied Duties (DGAD) under the Commerce Ministry investigates complaints made by the domestic industry about alleged dumping of goods in the country that has caused injury to indigenous manufacturers.

"The DGAD has so far initiated anti-dumping investigations in 272 cases, involving various countries since 1992. Out of these, 149 cases involve China... At present, 77 anti-dumping measures are in force against China," Minister of State for Commerce and Industry Jyotiraditya Scindia said in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha.

Anti-dumping duty is imposed on imports check predatory pricing of products.

Countries initiate anti-dumping probes to assess whether domestic industry has been hurt because of a surge in cheap imports. As a counter-measure, they impose duties, as permitted under the multilateral WTO regime.

The duty also ensures fair trading practices and creates a level-playing field for domestic producers vis-a-vis foreign producers and exporters resorting to dumping.

Unlike safeguard duty, which is levied in a uniform way, anti-dumping duty varies from product-to-product and country-to-country.

In a separate reply, Scindia said between 1991 and October, 2011, 3,418 industrial units were closed, with 2,35,856 workers affected as a result.

Government is seized of the security imperatives of the country as well as the need for developing requisite infrastructure in the border areas, Antony said.

"Necessary steps have been initiated for ensuring that national security concerns are adequately addressed through development of infrastructure, including rail, roads and forward air fields as well as operational capabilities of armed forces to secure desired national security objectives," Antony said.

In reply to a query on construction of a tunnel on Zozila pass, he said the final decision on it would depend on the outcome of a feasibility study ordered in this regard, which is likely to be completed by March 2012.

"The contract for feasibility study was awarded to IBilt Technology, in April 2009. Survey is under progress for feasibility of tunnel at Zozila pass and other locations along this axis to Leh and is in advanced stages. It is likely to be completed by March 2012," he said.

Media creating China phobia: Abdullah

Accusing the media of creating China phobia among people, Union Minister Farooq Abdullah said the neighbouring nation is not going to "invade" and Indian borders are "quite strong".

"Media is creating China phobia among people. China has got its own compulsion. We have our own compulsions. Why do you get worried about it," Abdullah told reporters outside the Parliament House.

He was reacting to a query on reports that China was constructing bunkers along the Jammu and Kashmir border.
"Chinese are not going to invade us. Prime Minister has already declared that," Abdullah, who is also a former Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, said.

Asked whether time has come to strengthen India's border along China, Abdullah said, "Our borders are quite strong. You have never been to border. So you don't know. I go to the borders... I know how strong our borders are. That is the difference".