Thimphu: In a veiled attack on Pakistan, India on Saturday said that no country can escape its responsibility by blaming non-state actors for terrorist activities emanating from its soil. (Agencies)
As long as the territory of a country is used by non-state actors to prepare for terror attacks, that country owes a legal and moral responsibility to its neighbours and to the world to suppress those non-state actors and bring them to justice, Home Minister P Chidambaram said.
"Sometimes, I think that the distinction between state actors and non-state actors is misplaced and intended to misdirect our efforts to deal with terrorist groups at the very source -- the recruitment centres, the training camps and their safe havens and sanctuaries," he said addressing the 4th meeting of the SAARC Interior/ Home Ministers here.
Describing terrorism as the biggest existentialist challenge in South Asia, Chidambaram said the menace in the region can be best tackled through effective cooperation among the SAARC nations.
The Home Minister emphasised the need for examining the existing mechanisms for countering terrorism, drug trafficking, trafficking in human beings, arms smuggling and counterfeiting, including organised production and distribution of fake Indian currency notes. Chidambaram said South Asia was perhaps the most troubled and vulnerable region in the world as the vast majority of terrorist incidents this year -- as well as last year -- occurred there.
"Terrorist groups in this region have flourished because of the support they have found from state and non-state actors," he said.
The Home Minister said that terrorism is the most significant existential challenge to peace and security in South Asia and it is the single largest hindrance to socio-economic development in the region.
Chidambaram also expressed India's continuing commitment to discharge its responsibilities in SAARC in an effective manner, saying it would do its best to ensure that the grouping evolves into a vibrant regional economic organisation.
"Here, I would like to recall the fruitful meeting that we had during the Conference of the Interior/Home Ministers of SAARC countries in Islamabad in June 2010 where we last met. We agreed, inter alia, on the broad contours of cooperation to combat terrorism.
The Home Minister said the process of taking forward a proactive agenda on cooperation in our neighbourhood was integrally connected with the shared ability to cooperate in eliminating the threats posed by terrorists, drug traffickers, arms smugglers and others whose activities affect the safety and security of our people.
"On the positive side, I may note that our leaders have agreed on the need for greater regional connectivity, better transport infrastructure, enhanced flow of material and goods, effective border control regimes, and taking further steps to facilitate integration," Chidambaram said.
He said the threat of terrorism, which is a common challenge in the region, can be tackled only with the fullest cooperation amongst the member nations of the SAARC. "We have no alternative but to deploy the best instruments and resources at our disposal in our fight against terrorism. What we need now is to be more proactive in implementing our resolutions in letter and spirit," he said.
For instance, he said, much more can be done by sharing information on real-time basis on terrorism and all forms of organised criminal activity.
Referring to the existing Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters, signed nearly three years ago at the 15th Summit of the grouping, Chidambaram said if SAARC acts on the provisions of the Convention, it will facilitate evidence-sharing and the seizure and confiscation of criminal and terrorist funds.
"Cooperation in our region should lead us to enhancing our cooperation in international fora as well. The proposed UN Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism is long overdue. As a region with the highest incidence of terror, we need to press for such a Convention soon.
The Home Minister also announced that New Delhi will host the 'Meeting of SAARC Eminent Experts to Strengthen Anti-Terrorism Mechanism' sometime in October 2011.
Chidambaram also emphasised that when an agreement is signed, it must be ratified soon by all concerned. When the members ratify the agreement, there is a need to enact enabling legislation to give effect to the accord.
"And where we have legislation in place, we need to apply their provisions to make regional cooperation in security matters substantive and meaningful," he said.
On sharing information and capacity-building among member-states with regard to responding proactively on concerns of any of the SAARC partners, the Home Minister assured his counterparts that India will not be found wanting.
Thimphu: In a veiled attack on Pakistan, India on Saturday said that no country can escape its responsibility by blaming non-state actors for terrorist activities emanating from its soil.