Srinagar: To cope up with the pending litigations in courts, which has crossed 36 million mark India needs at least 6,750 more judges in higher and subordinate courts across the country. Acting Chief Justice of Jammu and Kashmir High Court Justice F M Kalifulla said on Saturday.

"There is a need for 1500 High Court judges and 20,000 judges in the subordinate courts to clear the rising pendency of cases in various courts of the country," Justice Kalifulla said addressing a mediation orientation programme here on Saturday.

He said although the number of judges in Supreme Court and High Courts had been increased, there were still only around 750 such judges in the country. "In the subordinate courts, there are only 14,000 judges," he said.

Justice Kalifulla said the pendency of cases in the courts across the country had crossed 3.6 crore (36 million) and more judges were needed to reduce it.

He said UK had 51 judges per million population and the US had 110 per million but India had only 11 judges for the same population size. "There is a proposal to increase the  number of judges to 50 per million by 2013," he added.

He said the rising population was also responsible for the increasing number of cases.

"Abnormal growth of population has resulted into rise in litigation. In 1991, population of the country was 846 million and it has gone up to 1.2 billion in 2011. We are expected to have a population of 1.4 billion in 2025 and 1.7 billion by 2060," he said.

Justice Kalifulla said mediation is emerging as an effective tool to overcome this problem.

"Mediation is a unique concept and once it is fully developed, the litigations will come down. Mediation is a win-win situation for parties to the dispute," he said.

"It (mediation) is nothing but our age-old Panchayat system. However, the mediators need to be trained in it," he added.

Referring to the pendeng cases in Jammu and Kashmir, he said bulk of the civil litigations in the state are service oriented and in 90 per cent of the cases state is one of the parties.

"We request the state government to develop more interest in the mediation concept as it will prove beneficial for it and will also help in clearing the pending cases too, which generally drags on for years," he said.

Agencies