"India can rightly note that the United States has conducted numerous unilateral counter terrorist operations inside Pakistan against targets like Osama bin Laden and Mullah Mansour. India can cite its right to self-defence," said Bruce Riedel of the Brookings Institute.

Soon after the new broke out about the success surgical strike, a wave of zeal hit across the nation and people from all walks of life hailed the Indian Army where as Pakistan stood on denial mode as saying no surgical strike took place on their land.

Government On Surgical Strikes:

Top leaders of political parties were briefed by the government about the surgical strike carried out by the Army on terror launching pads across the LoC to foil plans of terrorists to target some Indian towns. Information and Broadcasting Minister M Venkaiah Naidu said after the hour-long meeting that all political parties unanimously supported the Army action, which was carried at 5-6 important places across LoC along Kupwara and Poonch in Jammu and Kashmir at an altitude of 6,000 feet and some of these terror launch pads were destroyed.

"The Home Minister explained the all-party meeting about the surgical strike which was carried out by the Army to foil attempts by terrorists to carry out attack not only in Jammu and Kashmir but some other important towns," he told reporters. The Army action came in the aftermath of terror attack in Uri on September 18 in which 18 soldiers were killed.

Naidu said the terrorists had carried out strike from these launching pads and they had plans to do the same in future too. "Government and the Army had reports that the terrorists had plans to infiltrate again and create havoc in Jammu and Kashmir and some other places," he said.

Pakistan's Reaction:
Pakistan today dismissed as "fabrication of truth" India's claim that it has conducted a military operation across the LoC to target terrorist launching pads, terming it as a "quest" by India to create media hype by rebranding cross-border fire as surgical strike. "There has been no surgical strike by India, instead there had been cross border fire initiated and conducted by India
which is existential phenomenon," Pakistan army said in a statement.

"As per rules of engagement same was strongly and befittingly responded by Pakistani troops. "The notion of surgical strike linked to alleged terrorists bases is an illusion being deliberately generated by Indian to create false effects. This quest by Indian establishment to create media hype by rebranding cross border fire as surgical strike is fabrication of truth," it said. Pakistan has made it clear that if there is a surgical strike on Pakistani soil, same will be strongly responded, the statement said. Pakistan Defence Minister Khawaja Asif said that India's claim was not true. "India violated LoC last night and only used light weapons in the firing," he said, adding Pakistan forces gave befitting reply to Indian firing. Pakistan Air Force (PAF) has also rejected India's claim of surgical strikes. "Pakistan is ready to respond to any such strikes," PAF said in a statement.

Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif's Reaction:  
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif strongly condemned the "unprovoked and naked aggression" by India along the LoC and said Pakistan's armed forces are fully capable of defending the territorial integrity of the country.

Sharif also warned that Pakistan's intent for peaceful neighbourhood should not be mistaken as its weakness. "Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has strongly condemned the unprovoked and naked aggression of Indian forces resulting in martyrdom of two Pakistani soldiers along the LoC," the statement said. "Our intent for peaceful neighbourhood should not be mistaken as out weakness and our valiant forces are fully capable of defending the territorial integrity of country and can thwart any evil design made to undermine the sovereignty of Pakistan," it said.

Pakistan Summons Indian Envoy
Pakistan summoned Indian High Commissioner Gautam Bambawale over "unprovoked firing" by India in which two Pakistani soldiers were killed. Foreign Secretary Aizaz Chaudhry "condemned the unprovoked firing by" Indian forces on the Line of Control (LoC) in which
two Pakistani soldiers were killed, Pakistan Foreign Office said in a statement. "These incidents are a continuation of a pattern of ceasefire violations committed by India. He (Chaudhry) conveyed that the Armed Forces of Pakistan will continue to give a befitting response to any act of aggression," the statement said.

What Experts' Said:
"The Indian operation ups the stakes. The situation is dangerous and escalating," Riedel, a former CIA analyst who was stationed at the White House during the time of Kargil war and played a key role in US policies then, told reporters.

"The question is will this escalates further? With or without outside assistance, the Kashmiri situation will get worse for India unless (Prime Minister Narendra) Modi addresses the legitimate demands of Kashmiri Muslims," Riedel said. Alyssa Ayres, a former State Department official and currently with the Council on Foreign Relations, hoped that the Obama Administration "sends a firm message" to Islamabad that it "bears responsibility for escalated tensions" by its own refusal to rein in terror groups. Responding to a question, Ayres said she thinks the US will, as expected, express concern about the possibility of escalation.  "Pakistan's irresponsible threats about using nuclear weapons yesterday was extremely disturbing especially since they have done nothing in response to the terrorist attack in Uri," she said. "It's clear that the (Narendra) Modi government, having tried sari and shawl diplomacy, then birthday diplomacy, has sent a new signal about their redlines -- which have included more diplomatic options considered than we've seen in the past," Ayres said.

Lisa Curtis from The Heritage Foundation said that while the US is concerned about "military escalation between the nuclear–armed rivals", US officials would find it difficult to criticise India for seeking to prevent future attacks on its territory. "India's reported launch of surgical strikes across the LoC against militant infiltrators demonstrates the Modi government's unwillingness to merely absorb Pakistani provocations," Curtis said.

The attack on Uri eleven days ago was the second major Pakistani provocation in the space of nine months, she said, adding that the Pathankot attack in early January was bad enough. "With the Uri attack, Pakistan upped the ante, seeking to draw international attention to Kashmir at a time when civil protests had been wracking the state," she said. The Pakistan government's denial of involvement in the September 18 attack is not credible, given that Pakistanis have done little to nothing to shut down terrorist groups.