The Center for International Development (CID) at Harvard University in its report said "after decades spent trailing the growth of its northern neighbor and economic rival, India now tops the projections of annual growth rates to 2023".

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India is projected to record average annual growth rates of 7.9 percent over the next eight years, nearly double of China's 4.6 per cent projected growth over the period.

"Our Economic Complexity predictions find India's disputed upper hand in growth will expand into a widening gap in the medium-term, with growth projections to 2023 predicted to be at 7.9 percent annually, well ahead of the 4.6 percent projected for China," said Ricardo Hausmann, Professor of the Practice of  Economic Development at Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and director of CID.

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Relative to China's 9.1 percent annual growth of the past quarter century, this growth projection presents an important slowdown for China, but stands just below the 6 percent growth rate in 2020 predicted by the IMF and China's leadership, the report said.

Using their own measure of economic complexity that captures the productive capabilities embedded in a country's exports, CID researchers paint a new picture of the economic growth landscape, which foresees growth in emerging markets to continue to outpace developed countries. They also predict important reversals among growth leaders, with India expected to overtake China.

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CID's projections are also bullish on East Africa. Four East African countries – Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, and Madagascar – rank in the top ten, with all predicted to grow at least 6 per cent annually.

The projections also favor Pakistan's potential, at 5.1 percent predicted growth, presenting a clear picture of South Asia and East Africa's positive growth outlook.

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