United Nations: An India-chaired Counter Terrorism Committee of the UN Security Council has come out with a document asking member nations to ensure "zero-tolerance" towards terrorism by denying safe haven to terrorists and bring to justice perpetrators of terror acts.
   
The document calls on member states to take urgent action to prevent and combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.
   
It was released at a special meeting here on Thursday commemorating the 10th anniversary of the establishment of the Counter-Terrorism Committee.
   
The meeting also marked 10 years of Security Council resolution 1373 (2001), adopted in response to the 9/11 attacks.
   
Addressing the meeting, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said a decade after 9/11, terrorism still remains a "potent threat", with thousands losing their lives and repeated attacks destabilising regional harmony.
   
India's Permanent Representaitve to the UN Hardeep Singh Puri, who chairs the Counter-Terrorism Committee, said the Security Council resolution "brought increasing solidarity and intensified dialogue among states concerning the threat posed by international terrorism and the means to confront it effectively."
   
Puri later told reporters that from only two states that were signatories to all the 12 UN conventions relating to terrorism as of September 11 2001, the number has now grown to 111. Ensuring zero tolerance to terrorism will also require nations to "prevent those who finance, plan, facilitate or commit terrorist acts from using their territories for terror acts against other nations and to deny safe haven to persons engaged in these activities," Puri said.
   
The document asks nations to bring to justice perpetrators of terror acts in particular noting the principle of "extradite or prosecute" in accordance with international law.
   
The nations should prevent movement of terrorists, including the supply of weapons, through effective border controls, ensure that funds for charitable purposes are not diverted or utilised for terrorist purposes and develop comprehensive strategies to effectively address the conditions "conducive to the spread of terrorism including radicalization and recruitment for terrorism."
   
There is need also to enhance cooperation in bringing terrorists to justice, including cooperation in their investigation and prosecution.
   
The committee "reaffirms that any terrorist acts are criminal and unjustifiable regardless of their motivations and terrorism cannot and should not be associated with any religion, nationality or ethnic group," it said.
   
The committee expressed concern that terrorism continues to pose a "serious threat" to international peace and security, as has been evident by recent attacks in various regions of the world.
   
It also noted with concern the close connection between terrorism and transnational organized crime, including trafficking of illicit drugs, money-laundering, illegal arms trafficking and illegal movement of nuclear, chemical, biological and other potentially deadly materials.

While acknowledging that significant achievements have been made in the last 10 years to combat terrorism, "much remains to be done at the national, regional and international levels" to deal with the menace.
   
The committee "underlines that specialized international and regional organizations have an important role to play in building an understanding of the terrorist threat; in facilitating international cooperation in the field of counter-terrorism, especially through the provision of technical and related assistance."

(Agencies)