Kolkata: India’s national anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’ penned down on December 27, 1911 by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore, celebrated its 100 years of glory on Tuesday.

Undoubtedly, the song has seen millions on their feet, standing to reverential attention, every time it is played in the past 100 years.

However, it was also during this period that this song had met with several controversies. But nothing succeeded in diminishing the honour and glory of the song.

Although the 100 years of Jana Gana Mana is a celebration time for the entire nation, people of West Bengal have an extra reason to add on to the celebrations as the 150 birth anniversary of late Rabindranath Tagore, lovingly called as Guru Dev, was also celebrated in the state.

‘Jana Gana Mana’ was first sung on December 27, 1911 at the 1911 Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress.
Written in highly Sanskritised Bengali in 1911 by one of the greatest poets of the 21st century, the song has fired patriotism in every Indian during the Independence movement.

The music of the song was given by composer Pankaj Kumar Mallik on January 24, 1950 and adopted as the country's national anthem by the Constituent Assembly on January 24, 1950.

The song was selected as the national anthem of India in 1950 after considerable debate over Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay's popular Bengali song 'Vande Mataram' in the face of opposition from certain communities.

When Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose's Indian National Army adopted Jana Gana Mana as the National Anthem, Father of Nation Mahatma Gandhi had in 1946 said, "The song has found a place in our national life."

India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru had noted that Jana Gana Mana as “a great national song also because it is a constant reminder to all of our people of Rabindranath Tagore”.

In India's National Anthem, published in 1949, author and Tagore scholar Prabodhchandra Sen cited the strong anti-British sentiment in the song in his book and had chided the Anglo-Indian press for misreporting.

On this occasion, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee organized many cultural programmes in the state.

JPN/Bureau