According to analysts, the Indian reserves are being build-up by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to absorb any future global financial shock that was witnessed in June 2013.

"The RBI is building up the reserves to counter any future financial shocks like the one which was witnessed at the time of the tapering announcements were made. Apart from that the reserves will also act as a support to the Indian rupee," Anindya Banerjee, senior manager, currency derivatives, Kotak Securities told media.

The RBI is cautious about the US Fed's stand that the rate hike might take place in the later part of the year. With higher interest rates in the US, the foreign portfolio investors (FPIs) are expected to be led away from the emerging markets such as India.

The US Fed dropped an assurance to be "patient" in raising interest rates and signalled the hike could come by mid to late this year. "Just because we removed the word patient from our statement doesn't mean we will be impatient," Janet Yellen, US Federal Reserve Board chairman said at a press conference after a globally-awaited meeting of the policy committee on March 18.

For the previous week ended March 13, the reserves had decreased by USD 2.06 billion to USD 335.72 billion. For the week ended March 6, the reserves had fallen by USD 286.3 million to USD 337.79 billion.

The fall in reserves for the previous week (March 13) was attributed to rally in the US dollar and that major non-dollar currencies were trading at their weekly lows. The Indian reserves hold nearly 20-25 percent of the non-dollar currencies.

According to the RBI's weekly statistical supplement, foreign currency assets, the biggest component of the forex reserves grew by USD 4.53 billion at USD 314.88 billion in the week under review.

The foreign currency assets had declined by USD 1.97 billion at USD 310.34 billion in the week ended March 13. under review. However, for the week ended March 6, the foreign currency assets had risen by USD 122.4 million at USD 312.32 billion.

The RBI said the foreign currency assets, expressed in US dollar terms, include the effect of appreciation or depreciation of non-US currencies such as the pound sterling, euro and yen held in reserve.

India's reserve position with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in the week ended March 20 decreased by USD 295.8 million and stood at USD1.28 billion.

The value of special drawing rights (SDRs) was higher by USD 18.2 million in the week under review at USD 3.97 billion. Gold reserves were static at USD19.83 billion. The gold reserves had plunged by USD 346.2 million in the week ended March 6.

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