New Delhi: NHRC was on Friday critical of government's two flagship programmes MNREGA and Indira Awas Yojna, saying these have "inherent and fundamental flaws" and failed to serve their purpose.
    
"Tall claims were being made about the success of MNREGA but our teams, which have visited 16 districts of various states, have found the programme, which guarantees 100 days of work in a year, has failed to serve its purpose of providing livelihood security to people in rural areas," NHRC member Satyabarta Pal said.
    
According to government's data, 56 million household had applied for work under the scheme but job was provided to 55 million, he said.
    
"Also the government said it had spent Rs 25,586 crore on payment of wages but if we calculate it comes the wages of just 50 days," Pal said.
    
NHRC also found that "in 99 percent of MNREGA projects no construction material have been used but 37 percent of the budget amount had been claimed under this head", Pal said, adding that it should be probed where such a huge amount has gone.
    
The rights body said MNREGA's main objective to reduce migration and malnutrition has also failed "as during our interaction with beneficiaries, they said they need at least 200 days of work and have better living".
    
On Indira Awas Yojna (IAY), Pal said it has also failed to serve its purpose as during its visits teh NHRC teams have found that the guidelines of having a concrete structure, a smokeless cooking stove and a toilet were not met due to lack of supervision.

Under IAY, Rs 45,000 is provided to a beneficiary to build a house in plains, while Rs 48,500 if the house is being constructed in some hilly or remote areas. The government aims at building around 2.5 lakh houses every year with a budget of Rs 10,000 crore.
    
"The concrete structures, supposed to be earthquake and cyclone resistant, being built by the beneficiaries are not able to withstand even a slightest jolt...These houses are nothing more than death traps...if a mud house caves in there are possibilities that people may survive but there is no chance of survival in these 'pucca' houses if it collapses," Pal said.
    
The NHRC member said there were no toilets in any of the IAY houses the teams had visited.
    
When asked, the beneficiaries told them it was not possible to build toilets in such a meagre budget.
    
"Besides, IAY houses are also providing a debt trap with the beneficiaries preferring to take loan of additional Rs 20,000 from local moneylenders as they fail to get soft loans from the government, as prescribed in the scheme," Pal said.
    
"These inherent flaws needs to be corrected...the government should take a call on these," he said.

(Agencies)

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