Ranchi: The consequences of widening demand - supply gap of coal have now become visible in Jharkhand. Insufficient coal supply at Patratu Thermal Power Station (PTPS) has twice put the production of the electricity generating unit to halt this year.

With plummeting power generation, shortfall in production will have a direct impact on the electricity requirement of the state. Both domestic consumers and industrial unit will have to bear the brunt of continuous power rostering due to poor production.

Presently, 35-40 megawatt of electricity is produced by this thermal plant.

Besides, coal deficit has been a common problem with Tenughat Vidyut Nigam limited (TVNL) in Lalpania, Bokaro district. Untimely payment to the coal companies and the debt has affected the overall production. In addition, there have been several complaints regarding the poor quality of coal.

In wake of the shortfall in the supply, the Jharkhand government has demanded the Ministry of Coal to increase the quota of coal for the state.

However, according to Ministry of Coal, thermal power companies all across the country are facing shortfall of 14 crore tonnes which cannot be bridged. Therefore, the electricity generating units will have to face the coal deficit.

More so, in a report released by the Planning Commission , it came into light that India's coal demand will go up to 1,000 million tonnes (MT) by the end of the 12th Five-Year Plan (2012-17), necessitating about 200 MT of imports to bridge the shortfall in domestic output.

Shortfall in production during the current fiscal, the final year of the 11th Five-Year Plan (2007-12), is projected at 142 MT, with domestic output likely to amount to 554 MT.

Coal India is the world's largest producer of coal and accounts for over 85 per cent of domestic production of the dry fuel.

In the last fiscal, it produced about 431 MT of coal, almost the same output it recorded in 2009-10.