Turkey has had troops in northern Iraq to help train local Kurdish and Sunni forces since last year but the arrival of additional troops last week sparked uproar in Baghdad. Turkey subsequently halted new deployments but has refused to withdraw its soldiers.

Iraq has already tried to solve the crisis with "peaceful and diplomatic means," Abadi said in the televised address yesterday.

Abadi repeated what has become a common refrain in Baghdad since the crisis began, insisting no foreign ground forces of any kind are needed to fight the Islamic State group in Iraq.

Earlier yesterday, Abadi asked the Foreign Ministry to submit a complaint to the United Nations about the presence of Turkish troops near the IS-held city of Mosul.

Abadi asked the UN Security Council to "shoulder its responsibilities," and order the withdrawal of the Turkish troops.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said yesterday that Turkey has no plans to withdraw troops and would continue with the training process "in agreement" with Iraq. He did not elaborate.

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