Bangalore is not the first of historical Indian cities to have its name altered as Bombay had been changed to Mumbai in 1995, which was a result of 40-year old hard-fought battle, Madras was replaced by Chennai in 1996, Calcutta got rechirstened to Kolkata in 2001, Pondicherry was changed to Puducherry in 2006 and Orissa became Odisha in 2011.

In tandem, 11 other cities across Karnataka were also rechristened by the state government, casting away the anglicised names.
Now Bangalore will be called Bengaluru, Mangalore (Mangaluru), Mysore (Mysuru), Bellary (Ballari), Belgaum (Belagavi), Hubli (Hubballi), Tumkur (Tumakuru), Bijapur (Vijayapura), Chikmagalur (Chikkamagaluru), Gulbarga (Kalaburagi), Hospet (Hosapete) and Shimoga (Shivamogga).
In the ninth century, Bangalore was called Bengaval-uru (city of guards). In the 12th century, according to another legend, it became Benda-kaalu-ooru (town of boiled beans).
According to an apocryphal, 12th century Hoysala king Veera Ballala II lost his way during a hunting expedition in a forest. A poor old woman offered him boiled beans to the tired king, who with a sense of gratitude called the place "benda-kaalu-uru".

Kempegowda, a feudatory ruler under the erstwhile Vijayanagara Empire, was considered the founder of Bangalore. He chose Bendakaluru for his capital in early 16th century, which transformed into Bengaluru and in colonial times, and during British rule became Bangalore.
The city has in recent decades metamorphosed into the country's IT capital, earning it the tag the Silicon Valley of India, as also as Biotech capital, after its earlier forms as a Pensioner's Paradise and Garden City.

With explosive growth and cracking infrastructure, the city has now earned the notorious distinction as "Garbage City". Bengaluru is also evolving as a "StartUp City", incubating the new ventures.

Eight years after the state had sent a proposal to the Centre on a sugggestion by Jnanpeeth awardee late U R Ananthamurthy to rechristen Bangalore, the NDA government gave its clearance to it and other changes recently.
The name changing process began in 2006 after the JDS-BJP government announced that they planned to rename 12 cities, including Bangalore and Belgaum.
The process ran into rough weather after the Maharashtra government filed an objection with the Home Ministry on the issue of renaming Belgaum, which it claims is part of that state. Subsequently, it had remained on the backburner.
While the government has changed the names, some educational institutions and private companies are not keen on switching over to the new ones, according to reports.
"The change in name applies to cities, not institutions. Even after rechristening of Bombay and Madras, university names remained the same," Bangalore University Vice Chancellor B Thimme Gowda has said.
As for private firms and organisations, there will be no compulsion on them to change their registered names, Karnataka Chief Secretary Kuashik Mukherjee said.
"The government is not changing the names in a chauvinistic manner but adhering to the sentiments of the local people," he added.

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