Bareilly: Observing the fast disappearance of vultures, the scientists at the Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) have developed a sex determination technique to keep a tab on their falling numbers. The scientists have claimed to have devised a molecular method of sex determination to facilitate procreation of the endangered species by identifying their gender. 

Besides the recognition of the research by the international fraternity, International Species Recovery Officer Dr. Richard at ‘SAVE’ of United Kingdom have also written a letter of appreciation to the IVRI Director for the achievement.

According to the research, two vulture species are found in India: Gyps indicus and Gyps benjalis. The shape, size and colour of both male and female species are almost the same which makes it impossible to determine their gender.

Due to migration of the male and female in different areas, reproduction is not common among them leading to their decreasing numbers.

Conservation campaign: While International organization Save Asian Vultures from Extinction or ‘SAVE’ has been working in South-east nations for saving the vultures from extinction, the Bombay Natural History Society in India also has a significant contribution in protection of vultures.

Sex determination system:  The sex determinant gene is isolated from any organ of the body and the gender is identified on the basis of the molecular tests. The technique was provided to the vulture conservation and breeding centre at BNHS, Pinjore for their regular activities where it was found to be of great value.

IVRI Director Dr MC Sharma explains, “The team took three years to carry out the research which will lead to long-term results in conserving the population of these scavengers”.

JPN/Bureau