The development of India’s largest state ‘Uttar Pradesh' may give a new direction to the country's prosperity. The No. 1 newspaper in the country ‘Dainik Jagran’ has started a new campaign on the theme of “Change UP, Prosper the Country”. Under which, our Jagran Rath is passing through all the districts in the state.

Several experts have given their valuable suggestions on exploring the possibilities of development in the state. Please support our campaign and help the country in expediting the pace of development through making a sea change in UP. Your voice will be bolstered through Jagran Forum on October 13 in Lucknow where President Pranab Mukherjee will be the chief guest.


The livelihood of more than 63 percent population of UP is dependent on agriculture. Given the growing population, it has become inevitable for the state to maintain the agriculture growth rate above 5 percent. The state will have to keep in mind the challenges by states like Punjab, Haryana, and Maharashtra over crop production. However, increasing the area of agricultural land would be the priority for the state government.

According to the reports out of 242.01 lakh hectare land, only 168.25 lakh hectare is fertile, whereas only 70 percent land is irrigable. The decreasing tilted land has posed another challenge to the state.

The average size of tilted land holdings in the state is only 0.86 hectare. In order to make it more profitable, state government would have to stress on key factors like irrigation, water management, soil fertility, seed management, marketing, mechanization and research and different forms of farming.


Uttar Pradesh will have to maintain 11.2 percent and 11.9 percent growth rate in the industrial and service sector respectively to achieve 10 percent economic growth rate of the state during 12th five-year plan. The state needs investments worth Rs 16, 700 billion. Out of which, 71 percent will be procured from the private sectors.

The state will have to set up National Manufacturing Investment Zone in Purvanchal, Bundelkhand and Madhyanchal to get rid of industrial imbalance and to boost infrastructure. The pace of Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor also needs to be expedited.


The power crisis remains the bottleneck in the path of development of the state. The power demand is increasing at an annual average rate of 12 percent. But the demand-supply gap is hovering around 3,000 Megawatt thanks to the slow pace of power production. On an average, the state’s daily consumption is 226 million units, but the supply is below 200 mu.

The government had proposed to set up new power plants in the state aiming at providing 24 hours electricity to the people. But the efforts didn’t fructify. If the land, water, coal and environmental clearance are provided to the power plants, the state would be able to produce 33, 620 Megawatt electricity within a decade.


In a bid to strengthen the education system in UP, there is an urgent need of large number of study centers in 49,800 gram panchayats of the state.

The state government needs to set up 7,000 new primary schools, 1,250 junior high schools and to construct 70,000 additional classrooms in the next five years to make the Right to Education meaningful.

Moreover, the state requires 3,269 new high schools and 702 model schools to boost the secondary education system.

For increasing the percentage of entrants in the high schools, the state requires new schools in nine divisions and government colleges in 58 unserved blocks.

As far as the technical education is concerned, there is a huge requirement of new polytechnics and government engineering colleges in 16 unserved district headquarters and new research centers in ten divisions.   

Medical facilities

To realise the dream of ‘healthy Uttar Pradesh’, the state will have to introduce more advanced medical equipments in the hospitals. Despite, several other issues like sex ratio, institutional delivery, women and children malnutrition and full immunization need to be paid more attention.

With a view to provide better health services to the people, the state will have to set up 482 community health centers, 1478 primary health centers and 6823 new health sub-centers.

The state health department faces the problem of staff crunch. There is a need of over 5546 doctors, 777 nurses, 2557 paramedical staff, 2487 Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) and 6291 health workers.

Moreover, the state urgently requires advanced medical facilities to eradicate the Japanese Encephalitis that claimed thousands of lives recently.

Out of the total geographical area in Uttar Pradesh, 9.01 percent is under the forest cover which needs to be increased to 33 percent. For which, state will have to carry out intensive plantation drive.

The state contributes around 1695 million litres of sewage daily that are discharged untreated in several rivers including Ganga. The state urgently requires an advanced technique for the sewage treatment. Currently, out of the 33 sewage treatment plants in the state, more than half require an urgent overhauling as they don’t function properly.

In order to keep a proper tab on the quality of air in urban areas, the state government must set up the air quality monitoring stations in major cities including Noida, Ghaziabad, Moradabad and Renukoot (Sonebhadra).

To check the sound pollution, 32 automatic ambient noise quality monitoring stations should be set up at Kanpur, Agra, Varanasi, Allahabad, Noida, Ghaziabad, Meerut and Saharanpur.


Infrastructure is the backbone of any developed state. Uttar Pradesh needs to construct single-lane state highways of 5760 km and to widen major district roads to two-lane standards in the next five years. For better infrastructure, the roads connecting district headquarters should be upgraded to four- lanes.

Apart from this, the state needs to construct over 300 bridges and 100 rail over bridges. A total of 9244 human settlements with population of 250-500 and over 500 will have to be connected with metalled roads. The state still requires 24 million housing units under the 12th Five Year Plan.

The state needs Rs 1,49,492.74 crore to strengthen the civic systems like drinking water, sewerage and sanitation, waste management, urban transport, street lighting, bus rapid transport system and e-governance.


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