Bhubaneswar: Showering praise on the Defence Research and Development Organisation for being versatile, Union Rural Development Minister Jairam Ramesh on Sunday said besides developing missiles it has produced unique bio-toilets for use by civilians, mainly in rural areas.\

"The DRDO, which had been focusing on developing missiles, aircraft and other weapon systems, has now come out with bio-toilets using a unique technology," Ramesh said during a visit to Odisha for the launch of the novel project at Dhamra in Bhadrak district.

Saying that the DRDO developed green toilet project is proposed to be introduced in 1,000 panchayats, Ramesh pointed out the benefit of this technology can bring a significant change in the quality of life of people, mainly in rural areas, and help them lead a healthy life.

Lauding DRDO for gifting common people with a unique facility, the Union minister said his ministry is committed to improve sanitation facility in rural areas across the country.

Aiming at discouraging open defecation and improving sanitation conditions, bio-toilets are based on DRDO's Bio-Digester technology. It has been developed by DRDO's Defence Research and Development Establishment (DRDE), Gwalior and Defence Research Laboratory (DRL), Tezpur, sources said.

Bio-Digester technology was used to decompose biological waste generated by soldiers deployed in high altitude regions like Siachen and Ladakh, they said.

Adapted for used in all terrains, the bio-toilets degrade and convert the human waste into usable water and gasses in an eco-friendly manner.

The effluent coming out of the bio digester toilets is odorless and harmless and can be used for gardening and irrigation, they said.

About 1,000 bio digester toilets are proposed to be installed in different parts of Odisha in a phased manner, official sources said.

Highlighting the technical aspects and features of bio-digester technology, W Selvamurthy, Chief Controller, R&D, Life Sciences and International Cooperation, said it is an innovative and cost-effective solution to a mega problem of water pollution and health hazard due to open defecation.

The gas generated from bio-digesters can be utilized for energy and cooking purpose, while the water for irrigation work, defence scientists said.

The process involves the bacteria which feeds upon the fecal matter inside the tank, through anaerobic process which finally degrades the matter and releases methane gas that can be used for cooking, along with the treated water, they said.

"The Bio-Digester technology developed by DRDO is the Indian solution to a global peoblem. It is a perfect alternative to flush and forger toilets," according to S Radhakrishnan, Director, Industry Interface & Technology Management, DRDO headquarter.

Bio-digesters can save huge money for any government in waste management and sanitation while ensuring a healthy life, he said.


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