Guwahati: Jnanpith award winning writer Indira Raisom Goswami, who took the initiative to bring the ULFA to the negotiating table, on Tuesday passed away at a hospital here after prolonged illness.

The condition of the 69-year-old Assamese litterateur, who was in a paralysed state and on ventilator, turned critical last night and she was declared dead at 7:45 AM, Guwahati Medical College Hospital Superintendent R Talukdar said.

After suffering a cerebral stroke in February, Goswami was taken to a hospital in New Delhi, but was later brought back here in July and was being treated at the GMCH since then.

Goswami's body was taken to her Gandhibasti residence where it would be kept till 4:00 PM before being taken to the Judges Field for the people to pay their last respects.

A three-day state mourning has been declared by the Assam government and the author will be cremated with full state honours, government spokesman and Health and Education Minister Dr Himanta Biswa Sarma told reporters.

The state government has also declared a holiday on Wednesday to allow people to pay their last respects to Goswami, a Ramayani scholar who won the Jnanpith award in 2000 for her overall contribution to Assamese literature.

Goswami authored several award winning books which include Datal Hathir Uwe Khowa, Neelakantha Braja, Mamore Dhora Tarowal, Ahiron, Chenabor Srot, Dasarathir Khoj, Tej Aru Dhulire Dhusaritha Prishta, Udaybhanur Charitra, Chhinmastar Manuhto and her autobiography Adha Lekha Dastavej.

Her treatise 'Ramayana from Ganga to Brahmaputra' is considered a literary masterpiece.

Condoling Goswami's death, Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi said, "November, 2011 is a very sad month for Assam as we lost two eminent personalities -- Dr Bhupen Hazarika and Dr Indira Goswami -- whose contributions have taken Assam to the international arena".

"She loved Assam and wanted peace which led her to initiate the peace process with the ULFA. She realised that violence was no solution to any problem," Gogoi said.

"The Centre was initially sceptical about holding talks with the outfit, but was finally convinced because she had taken the initiative to bring them for talks. It is because of her efforts that the talks with the outfit has reached the present stage," he said.

Gogoi hoped that the effort made by her would result in permanent peace in the state and those yet to come forward for talks would also join the peace process.

Goswami campaigned for dignity of human beings

Writing under the shadow of the three-decade long insurgency in Assam, litterateur Indira Raisom Goswami wielded the pen not only to highlight the issue of violence but also took the initiative of persuading the banned ULFA to come to the negotiating table.

Preferring to write under the pen name of Mamoni Raisom Goswami, she authored several novels, short stories collection and scholarly treatises reflecting the angst and pain of people from varied backgrounds whose sufferings have deprived them of basic dignity and respect that all deserve.

She took the initiative of persuading the banned ULFA to come forward for dialogue with the outfit even setting up the Peoples' Consultative Group (PCG) in 2003 and appointing her as an advisor.

Goswami's efforts may not have yielded immediate results but it definitely paved the way for the ongoing talks process between a group of ULFA leaders and the government.

Popularly called 'Mamoni Baideu', Goswami was born on November 14, 1942 in a traditional Vaishnavite family who owned a 'satra' (monastery) at Amranga in South Kamrup.

The environs of the satra, both its pristine religious practices along with the prevailing social evils, had a profound influence on the psyche of the young Indira which later found expression in her writings, particularly in her path breaking novel, 'Datal Hatir Une Khowa Howdah' (The Moth Eaten Howdah of a Tusker).

The book, which was later adapted into a national award-winning film 'Adajya', is considered a classic of modern Assamese literature and explores the plight of Assamese Brahmin widows and their exploitation by hypocrite and decadent custodians of power and customs.

Awarded the highest prize for literature in the country--the Jnanpith in 2000, Goswami was also honoured with the Asom Sahitya Sabha Award and the International Tulsi Award from Florida University for her book Ramayana-Ganga to Brahmaputra.

Goswami had her early education at Pine Mount School in Shillong but was later shifted to the Tarini Charan Girls' High School in Guwahati to enable her to acquire an education in Assamese and acquaint herself more about traditions and culture of the state.

She later studied Assamese at the Cotton College and acquired a postgraduate degree in the same subject from the Gauhati University.

Goswami published her first collection of short stories, 'Chinaki Morom' in 1962 while still a student.

After completing her education, she met a young engineer Madhavan Raisom Iyengar, whom she married in 1966 and moved on to Jammu and Kashmir where her husband was posted.

Tragedy, however, struck only after 18 months of marriage when Madhavan was killed in a freak car accident.

Suffering from acute depression, she returned to Assam and joined the Goalpara Sainik School as a teacher.

Goswami, however, moved to Vrindavan on the advice of her teacher Upendra Chandra Lekharu who was based there and began research on Ramayani literature. It was in Vrindavan that her social consciousness found expression in her writings and she evolved as an author to reckon with.

Her famed novel 'Neelakantha Braja' was set against the backdrop of Vrindavan and highlights the exploitation of widows while her treatise 'Ramayan from Ganga to Brahmaputra' also had its foundation here.

Goswami later joined the Modern Indian Language (MIL) department of Delhi University and went on to head its Assamese department.

To honour her, the University made her the Professor Emeritus in 2009 after her retirement.

It was in Delhi that she flourished and earned acclaim as a celebrated writer with several of her stories set against the backdrop of the city.

Goswami's celebrated works include 'Mamore Dhora Tarowal' for which she was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1982, Ahiron, Chenabor Srot, Dasarathir Khoj, Tej aru Dhulire Dhusarita Prishta and Udaybhaur Charita.

Goswami's book 'Chhinnmasatar Manuhto' was against animal sacrifice in the famed Kamakhya Temple, the seat of Shakti worship, which raised the hackles of the temple priests while 'Jatra' is set against the backdrop of insurgency in Assam.

She has several short story and poetry collections to her credit and her autobiography is titled 'Aadha Lekha Dastavej' (An Unfinished Document).

Besides being honoured with the Bharat Nirman Award, Katha National Award for Literature, Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar Gold Plate from Asiatic Society, Principal Prince Klaus Award, she was also awarded D Litt Degree from Rabindra Bharati University, Rajiv Gandhi University and Indira Gandhi National Open University.

Goswami was awarded the Ambassador for Peace from the Inter Religious and International Federation for Peace. She refused the Padma Shri in 2002.

National award winning filmmaker Jahnu Baruah made a film on her life "Words from the Mist".

(Agencies)