While the national rate of growth of population in the last 10 years is 17.6 percent, the growth rate of state population during the period is 4.9 percent, the lowest rate among Indian states, according to the latest Economic Review by the state Planning Board.

"The population growth trend shows that Kerala is moving towards zero population growth or towards negative growth," the Review for the year 2014, placed in the just concluded assembly session, said.

Quoting the final data published by the Directorate of Census, it informed the state's population as on March 2011 was 3,34,06,061, which was 3,18,41,374 in 2001.

Of the total state population, 1,60,27,412 (48 percent) are males and 1,73,78,649 (52 percent) are females, it detailed.

The report reveals that six southern districts - Idukki, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kollam, Pathanamthitta and Thiruvananthapuram - have lower growth rate.

However, the state's density of population is much higher than that of the country. As per the figures of 2011 Census, the density of population in the state is 860 persons per square kilometre which is 382 at the national level.

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