New Delhi: The majority of actively managed Indian equity mutual funds have underperformed their respective benchmark indices over the last five years, according to the latest Standard & Poor's Index Versus Active Funds (SPIVA) scorecard.
   
However, it said, funds have outperformed the indices over the latest 12 months ending December 2011.
   
The scorecard reveals that 53 per cent of large cap equity funds failed to beat the S&P CNX Nifty, the leading benchmark index for large cap companies listed on the NSE, over the five years ending December 2011, it said.
   
Taking 2011 in isolation, however, active managers fared better, with 65 per cent large cap equity funds producing higher returns than the S&P CNX Nifty, it said.
   
A similar pattern was seen for diversified equity funds, which offer a wider choice of stocks than large caps and therefore a greater chance of generating excess returns. About
58 per cent underperformed their benchmark, the S&P CNX 500, over the past five years, it said.
   
In 2011 alone, however, 54 per cent of diversified equity funds beat the index.
   
Active managers of Equity Linked Saving Schemes (ELSS) and balanced funds (equity oriented hybrid funds) have also fallen behind benchmarks over the past five years.
   
In contrast, it said, the majority of active managers of Monthly Income Plans or MIPs (debt oriented hybrid funds), gilt and debt funds (which invest mainly in corporate debt) have outperformed their benchmarks over a five year period.
   
In 2011, it said, majority of balanced and MIP funds underperformed, while majority of ELSS, gilt and debt funds beat their benchmarks.
   
The Indian mutual fund industry is going through a consolidation phase, it said, adding, none of the categories had a 100 per cent survivorship over the past five years indicating mergers across categories.
   
Among funds, diversified equity funds had the lowest survivorship in the one and five-year periods, while balanced funds had the lowest survivorship in the three year period, it
added.

(Agencies)