New Delhi: Terror strikes in Delhi and Mumbai blotted the copy book of the internal security establishment which could otherwise boast of considerably lower levels of violence in the sensitive Jammu and Kashmir and Northeast during 2011.
The Maoist challenge and the yet unsuccessful attempts to persuade Pakistan in bringing to book the perpetrators of 26/11 Mumbai attack kept the Home Ministry on its toes in the year that is coming to a close.
The Ministry, under P Chidambaram, who assumed its reins in the aftermath of Mumbai 2008 attack, could make no headway in the Telangana issue which kept Andhra Pradesh tense.
Two bigwigs of the Maoist movement -- Cherukuri Rajkumar alias Azad and Koteswar Rao alias Kishenji -- were killed in separate encounters over which civil rights activists sought to pillory the Central government.
In the elimination of Kishenji, the CRPF had played a crucial role while the killing of Azad was mainly handiwork of Andhra Pradesh Police, both of which created controversy.
The year also saw filing of charge sheet against Pakistani-American terrorist David Headley, Lashkar founder Hafiz Saeed and two ISI officers for plotting terror attacks in India including the 26/11 strikes.
The Maoists violence continued unabated in 2011 with more than 500 people, including 120 security personnel, killed in 1,500 attacks carried out by Naxals in worst affected Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa, Bihar, West Bengal and Maharashtra.
Two blasts outside the Delhi High Court, one of which claimed around 18 lives, and multiple blasts in Mumbai, that claimed 27 lives, brought back dark clouds of terror over the national capital as well as the financial capital.
Investigators have not been able to crack either of the case, proving country's vulnerability and terrorists' ability to strike at will.
Despite India's efforts, Pakistan has not brought the perpetrators of 26/11 attack to justice. Chidambaram's blunt talk with his Pakistani counterpart Rehman Malik and then Home Secretary Gopal K Pillai's tough message to his counterpart during bilateral meetings have gone into the deaf ears of Islamabad.
Pakistan is said to be harbouring terrorists with a large number of terror infrastructure continue to run smoothly across the Line of Control (LoC).
According to a Home Ministry estimate around 2,500 heavily trained terrorists are taking shelter in these camps and waiting for opportunities to enter India.
The agitation for a separate Telangana state saw many high-voltage drama in Andhra Pradesh. However, four parties -- ruling Congress, TDP, MIM and YSR Congress -- are yet to make up their mind resulting in delay in convening an all party meeting by the Centre.
On the other hand, the Uttar Pradesh Assembly last month passed a resolution seeking division of the state into four parts -- Awadh Pradesh, Poorvanchal, Budelkhand and Pachim Pradesh. However, the Mayawati government's proposal was returned by the Home Ministry asking the state government to clarify on certain issues.