It was on March 23, 1931 when three great revolutionaries Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru had laid down their lives to achieve their goals of freeing country from British Rule. Some unknown facts of trio will give you more proud about being an Indian.

Bhagat Singh :

Bhagat Singh was born in very loving and caring family. In his childhood, he was enrolled at Dayanand Anglo Vedic school. After completing his schooling, he joined National college Lahore.

Bhagat Singh was fluent in five languages. He had very sharp brain. At an early age, he became fluent in English, Arabic, Polish, French and Swedish.

Bhagat Singh never wanted to live a good life and enjoy his childhood and as the freedom fighter always wanted to bring peace and independence to India.

At a very early age Bhagat Singh made his mind about what he wanted from his life. For him material world was of no importance. His parents wanted to get him married but he was of the view that 'Aazadi hi meri dulhan hai'.

The famous slogan 'Inquilab Zindabad' was written by none other than Bhagat Singh during India's freedom struggle. After throwing the bomb in Central Assembly, Bhagat Singh and his colleagues chanted the slogan  'Inquilab Zindabad'.

Bhagat Singh was a great writer and he wrote for several newspapers after being released from the jail. He wrote an article name 'Why am I atheist?'

Bhagat Singh was a brilliant actor and he was appeared in various plays in his college as Rana Pratap, Samrat Chandragupta, and Bharata durdesha. Most of the people do not know that he was an ancestor of the Bollywood great Aamir Khan.

Bhagat Singh was born in a Sikh family and was raised with Sikh values, but after reading work of  socilaist writers such as Marx, Lenin, Trotsky his religious belief started to limb.


Shivram Hari Rajguru

 He was born in an average middle-class Hindu Brahmin family at Khed in Pune District in 1908. He came to Varanasi at a very early age where he learnt Sanskrit and red the Hindu religious scriptures. He had a great admiration for Shivaji and his guerrilla tactics.

After sometime he came in contact with revolutionaries.  He joined the movement and became an active member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army. Rajguru had a fearless spirit and indomitable courage. The only object of his adoration and worship was his motherland, for whose liberation, he considered no sacrifice too great. He was a close associate of Chandrashekhar Azad and Bhagat Singh and his field of activity was UP and Punjab, with Kanpur, Agra and Lahore as his headquarters.

Rajguru was a good shooter and was regarded as the gunman of the party. He took part in various activities of the revolutionary movement, the most important being Saunders' murder. Chandrashekhar Azad, Shivram Rajguru, Bhagat Singh and Jai Gopal were deputed for the job. On 17th December 1928, while Saunders came out of his office and started his motor-cycle, he was shot dead in front of the police headquarters at Lahore by Rajguru.
At the time of his martyrdom, Rajguru was hardly 23 years of age.


Sukhdev took his early education in Ludhiana. His father died when Sukhdev was three years old while his younger brother was born three months after his father's death. Later, the family shifted to Lyallpur, a town in Pakistan currently known as Faisalabad.

Sukhdev was a fearless man of exceptional integrity, who cared about the smallest needs of his party and its members. Comrade Shiv Verma, who was awarded life imprisonment in the Lahore Conspiracy Case, has written about Sukhdev’s character in his memoirs-- Sansmrityiaan-- preserved with the National Archives.

Sukhdev efforts prompted Bhagat Singh to participate in the Assembly Bomb case in  April 1929. Central committee had first refused to send Bhagat for the job. Sukhdev was absent from the meeting where the decision was taken. Punjab police was after Bhagat Singh for his involvement in Saunders murder.  
Usually it is blamed that revolutionaries like Sukhdev were all  for violence, but nothing is farther from truth than this. In his last letter dated October 7, 1930 to comrades (the day the judgement was pronounced), Sukhdev criticised mindless acts of violence and justified HSRA’s actions as the ones that sought to fulfil people’s aspirations.

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