The 15-nation Council adopted the Australian-drafted resolution on Monday and condemned "in the strongest terms" the downing of MH17 on July 17 in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine, which resulted in the tragic loss of 298 lives.
    
Russia, a veto-wielding permanent member, also supported the resolution after intense negotiations resulted in some changes to the text, including terming the incident as "downing" of the airliner instead of "shooting down.
    
The resolution supported efforts to establish 'a full, thorough and independent international investigation' into the incident in accordance with international civil aviation guidelines.
    
‘Unrestricted access to crash site’

Expressing "grave concern" at reports of "insufficient and limited access" to the crash site, the resolution demanded that the armed groups in control of the crash site and the surrounding area "refrain from any actions that may compromise the integrity of the crash site.
    
"The Council members also insisted on the "dignified, respectful and professional" treatment and recovery of the bodies of the victims.
    
It also demanded that all military activities, including by armed groups, be immediately ceased in the area surrounding the crash site to allow for security and safety of the international investigation.
    
The Council demanded that those responsible for this incident to held accountable and all nations cooperate fully with efforts to establish accountability.
   
Russia

Russia's Permanent Representative to the UN Vitaly Churkin said he voted in favour of the resolution as he supported a swift and thorough investigation.
    
He stressed that his country had already acted to facilitate the investigation and was offering to provide experts. However, he stressed that there could be no jumping to conclusions or accusations.
    
Churkin said that all elements of the truth should be brought to light, such as through the black boxes provided to investigators. He added that Kyiv was attempting to draw on the shock of the international community, while its indiscriminate air strikes were hitting cities and killing civilians.

Russia has called for the investigation to be led by the "international community" and not Ukraine, its ambassador to Malaysia said.

"This situation is quite unique, the area is a war zone. I think the international community should be flexible about that and act in a way acceptable to all sides," Russian ambassador to Malaysia Lyudmila Vorobyeva said in a news conference on Tuesday.

"Russia has been calling for a fair, thorough and full investigation led by ICAO since the beginning," she said.

"We've been calling for an investigation lead by ICAO. The reason for that is that the rebels, as we understand do not trust the government of Kiev," said Vorobyeva.

"That's why they were reluctant to hand over anything (including) the black boxes to the Ukrainian side because they are afraid the evidence would be tampered with."

ICAO is the United Nation's International Civil Aviation Organization. Under ICAO rules the country where the incident happened, in this case Ukraine, should lead the investigation.

Ukraine

Explaining their votes after the adoption, Ukraine's representative to the UN Yuriy Sergeyev cited evidence that armed groups had carted away belongings of victims and tampered with evidence on the crash site. He accused the separatists of committing three crimes of bringing down the aircraft, mistreating the bodies and hampering the investigation and insisted that they be put on the list of terrorist organisations.
    
He said that there was evidence of pilfering of the remains, as well as evidence that Russia was financing and supporting the separatists.
    
He called on Russia to end its support to the separatists, cooperate with the Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko's peace plan and to work with his country for peace in the region.
    
Sergeyev hoped that the investigation would answer questions of not only who had fired the missiles that brought down the plane but also where they obtained the weapons.

US    

US Ambassador to the UN Samantha Power said the global community is "horrified and enraged" by the "clear intention of some to obstruct an investigation into how the passengers and crew died."
    
Power said "armed thugs" are walking around the crash site and while "almost everyone has condemned this grotesque behaviour," the global community has not heard much condemnation from Russia.

“Russia has been outspoken on other matters. Russian officials have publicly insinuated that Ukraine was behind the crash," Power said.
    
Russia blamed Ukrainian air traffic controllers for this attack rather than condemning the criminals who shot down the plane. Since then, Russia has begun to blame Ukraine for the attack itself, though the missile came from separatist territory that Russia knows full well Ukraine has not yet reclaimed.
    
"But if Russia genuinely believed that Ukraine was involved in the shoot-down of Flight17, surely President (Vladimir) Putin would have told the separatists – many of whose leaders are from Russia – to guard the evidence at all costs, to maintain a forensically-pure, hermetically-sealed crime scene."
    
"Russia's muteness over the dark days between Thursday and today sent a message to the illegal armed groups it supports: We have your backs. This is the message Russia has sent by providing separatists with heavy weapons, by never publicly calling on them to lay down those weapons, and by massing thousands of troops at the Ukrainian border," she said.
    
Power stressed that Russia can "unequivocally" condemn the separatists' inhumane treatment of the bodies at the site and use its influence to ensure no evidence is tampered with.

Clinton for tougher sanctions on Russia
    

Hillary Clinton, the former US Secretary of State and a 2016 presidential contender, has called for tougher sanctions on Russia in view of the shooting down of a Malaysian passenger plane allegedly by Russia-backed Ukrainian separatist.
    
"We should work to bring our European allies together with us on tougher sanctions that would make it clear to (Russian President Vladimir) Putin that there is a price to pay for this kind of behavior," Clinton said yesterday.
    
She said that the US should encourage Europeans to start immediately to make sure they are less dependent on Russian energy so they are not intimidated.
    
During a question and answer session organized by the Facebook in the Silicon Valley, she said the tragic incident deserve a full investigation.
    
"I would like to see more support given to the Ukrainians to guard their borders and to protect themselves," said Clinton, who is currently visiting the Silicon Valley.
    
The former First Lady, however, did not respond to question about the 2016 presidential campaign.

All 298 people on board Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur were killed when the Boeing 777 aircraft was apparently hit by a surface-to-air missile on Thursday and crashed into a rebel-controlled area near the Donetsk region of eastern Ukraine close to the Russian border.

JPN/Agencies

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