Referring to earlier orders, the bench headed by Chief Justice T S Thakur said, "It will be in order, if Union of India considers making suitable amendments in penal provisions at par with the provisions contained in the state amendments to the IPC. It is also desirable that Union of India revisits the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 to revise punishment for adulteration making it more deterrent in cases where the adulterant can have an adverse impact on health."

The bench, also comprising Justices R Banumathi and U U Lalit, referred to the amendments made by some states like West Bengal, Odisha in the IPC, enhancing jail term to the imprisonment for life with or without fine for the offence of food adulteration.

The court, while issuing a slew of guidelines to curb milk adulteration, said infants are "traditionally" fed milk and hence, stringent steps are needed.

"Union of India and the state governments shall take appropriate steps to implement Food Safety and Standards Act in a more effective manner," it said.

It asked the states to take steps to inform "owners of dairy, dairy operators and retailers" that if chemical adulterants like pesticides, caustic soda and other chemicals are found in milk, then stringent action will be taken against them.

The verdict, written by Justice Banumathi, asked the State Food Safety Authority (SFSA) to identify "high risk areas" where chances of milk adulteration are more during festivals.

"SFSA should also ensure that there is adequate lab testing infrastructure and ensure that all labs have/obtain NABL accreditation to facilitate precise testing. The state governments should to ensure that state food testing laboratories/district food laboratories are well-equipped with the technical persons and testing facilities," it said.

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