Chandigarh: Gurgaon - the most progressive city of Haryana has figured among districts having lowest sex ratio even as overall sex ratio of Haryana has increased to 879.

According to the data rolled out by Haryana Census department in Chandigarh for census 2011, the lowest sex ratio was reported in Gurgaon at 854, Sonipat at 856 and Jhajjar at 862.

Sex ratio dipped in Mahendragarh by 23 points from 918 as per 2001 census to 895 and in Rewari by one point to 898. The highest sex ratio was found in Mewat at 907, followed by Fatehabad at 902, according to the data.

Overall sex ratio of Haryana jumped from 861 in 2001 to 879 according to the census 2011. Sex ratio in rural areas also increased to 882 from 866 and in urban areas from 847 to 873.

The growth of Haryana's population during census 2011 was more than that of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Chandigarh and Uttarakhand. Haryana's population grew by 19.9 percent to 2.53 crore during census 2011 as against population during census 2001.

The decadal growth of neighbouring states including Punjab was at 13.9 percent, Himachal Pradesh at 12.9 percent, UT Chandigarh at 17.2 percent, Uttarakhand at 18.8 percent, Rajasthan at 21.3 and Uttar Pradesh at 20.2 percent.

Growth of population in rural areas was 9.8 percent while in urban areas, it was 44.6 per cent, as per the data. Density of population in Haryana has increased from 478 during 2001 to 573 in 2011.

The literacy rate of the state has also improved from 67.9 percent in 2001 to 75.6 percent in 2011. In rural areas, literacy rate increased from 63.2 percent to 71.4 percent and in urban areas from 79.2 percent to 83.1 percent, according to the data.

Maximum literacy has been recorded in Gurgaon district at 84.7 percent, Panchkula at 81.9 and Ambala at 81.7. Minimum literacy percentage was recorded in Mewat at 54.1, Fatehabad at 67.9 and Sirsa at 68.8.

Female literacy registered an overall increase of 10.2 percent from 55.7 to 65.9 in 2011.

The percentage share of scheduled caste in Haryana has increased to 20.2 percent as compared to 19.3 percent in Census 2001.


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