New Delhi: The average monthly income of a farmer household in Bihar at Rs 1,810 is less than the national average of Rs 2,115, Parliament was informed on Friday.

The yields of rice and wheat in Bihar are lower than the national average, but it is higher in coarse cereals and pulses, Minister of State for Agriculture Harish Rawat said in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha.

The monthly income of farmers in Bihar has been calculated by situation assessment survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Organisation in the rural areas in 2002-03, he said.

Giving details of crops yields, he said while output of rice is 2160 kg per hectare in Bihar it is 2346 kg/hectare at national level. Similarly, 2206 kg of wheat is grown in one hectare area in Bihar against 3026 at national level, Rawat added.

 But, the state has better average in coarse cereals at 2450 kg/hectare against 1659 kg a hectare at All India basis and in pulses it is 857 kg per hectare vis-a-vis 726 kg/hectare at national level.

Traditional practices of agriculture production, small holdings, lack of accessibility to farm inputs, poor irrigation, poor marketing infrastructure and frequent natural calamities are some of the reasons for low farm productivity and low income of farmers in Bihar, he said.

Rawat said to increase the production, productivity and income of the farming sector, the government is implementing several schemes through state governments including Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna (RKVY), National Food Security Mission (NFSM), National Horticulture Mission among others.


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