Cairo:  Egypt's ousted President Hosni Mubarak was on Saturday sentenced to life inprison after a court here found him guilty of complicity in the killing of protesters during a popular uprising against his 30-year rule, capping months of legal proceedings against the first Arab leader to be tried in person.

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84-year-old ailing former dictator, who was wheeled into the courtroom on a stretcher after being flown here from a military-run hospital, got life imprisonment -- 25 years in jail -- along with his former Interior Minister Habib al-Adly, who was convicted for the same charge.

The verdict against Mubarak, the only dictator toppled in the Arab Spring to be tried in person, came ahead of the June 16-17 presidential runoff between his last Prime Minister Ahmed Shafiq and Muslim Brotherhood's Mohammed Morsi.

Six former police commanders -- Maj Gen Ahmed Mohamed Ramzy Abdel Rashid; Maj Gen Adly Mostafa Fayed; Maj Gen Hassan Abdel Rahman; Maj Gen Ismael al-Shaer; Maj Gen Osama al-Marassy; and Maj General Omar al-Farmawy -- were acquitted by the court, which also dropped separate corruption charges against Mubarak's two sons Alaa and Gamal.

Mubarak and his sons were acquitted of all financial crime charges because 10 years have passed since the alleged crimes were committed.

Clad in a beige track-suit, the former President, who was wearing dark sunglasses, showed no emotion when Chief Judge Ahmed Refaat read out the verdict, but his sons appeared close to tears.

The Prosecutor General ordered Mubarak to be transferred to Tora prison to spend his sentence, amid reports that the former President's lawyers will file an appeal against the verdict.

Eyewitnesses were quoted as saying that a tearful Mubarak resisted stepping out of the helicopter that flew him to the prison after the verdict was announced.


Over 800 protesters had been killed during the 18-day revolt following which Mubarak was ousted on February 11, 2011.

Handing down the sentence to Mubarak and al-Adly, Judge Refaat said that the 10-month trial had been a fair one.

He said Egyptian people had suffered 30 years of darkness under Mubarak's rule.

The Interior Ministry had taken special measures to secure the premises of the court, where the trial had taken place.

The wall around the police academy in New Cairo, a satellite city around the capital, had been raised to four metres in addition to another metre of barbed wire.

The court had also refused to issue any new permits to cover the trial and kept the coverage exclusive for state-owned TV.


After the verdict was announced, scuffles between rival groups erupted in the court.

Lawyers representing the families of those killed in last year's uprising exploded in protest inside the courtroom, as al-Adly's six deputies had escaped conviction.

They chanted: "The people demand the purging of the judiciary!" and "Illegitimate!" as scuffles broke in the courtroom.

Reactions outside the courtroom were mixed. Some families of those killed in the uprising chanted, "We got our retribution", while others demanded execution for the former President and al-Adly.

Sanaa Saeed, whose son Moez al-Sayed was shot dead in Tahrir Square, cried. "(Mubarak) has to die just like my son did. We need execution. They will let him escape. There is no justice in this country."

Mostafa Mohamed Morsy, whose son Mohamed was killed during the uprising, said there will be another revolution until Mubarak is executed. "They are fooling us," he insisted.

Mona Gaber, mother of Mohamed Mostafa who was killed during last year's protests, said, "We need execution. They will let him (Mubarak) out after five years. I don't want him alive."

Outside of the courtroom, clashes erupted between supporters of Mubarak and security. The origins of the fights were not clear.

Mubarak had faced a possible death sentence over the killing of about 850 protesters. His life sentence prompted the Muslim Brotherhood to demand that he along with other defendants must be retried.


The son's of Hosni Mubarak-- Alaa and Gamal Mubarak-- will remain in provisional detention over illicit gain charges, Assistant Prosecutor General Counselor Adel el-Saeed said on Saturday.

The sons along with seven other persons will remain in provisional detention pending their trial for illegally obtaining around 2.51 billion Egyptian pounds from the sale of the National Bank of Egypt (NBE), a statement by Saeed said.

The two brothers and other seven persons were referred by the prosecution to the Criminal Court, he added.

Earlier in the day, Prosecutor General Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud decided to extend the provisional detention of Alaa and Gamal over charges of manipulating the NBE and the stock market.

Alaa and Gamal Mubarak returned to Tora prison on board a plane that carried them with former interior minister Habib el-Adli and six of his aides from the Police Academy after a ruling today that sentenced Adli and their father to life in prison.

Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali of Tunisia was the first leader toppled during the Arab Spring and was found guilty in absentia of drugs and gun charges in July.

Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi was killed in October by rebels, while Yemen's Ali Abdullah Saleh received immunity from prosecution after handing over power in November.


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