The job of the satellite is to provide the most detailed map of photosynthetic fluorescence ever created.

Using this data, scientists should be able to estimate how quickly the world's plants are absorbing carbon from the atmosphere, NASA said in a statement.

During photosynthesis, a plant absorbs light, then re-emits it at a different wavelength. This is known as fluorescence.

A satellite could detect the light emitted by the world's plants to estimate how much carbon the plants are absorbing.

A detailed map of photosynthetic activity and carbon absorption will better inform conservation efforts, the report added.

(Agencies)

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