At the same time, the total expenditure incurred by national parties Lok Sabha elections has also risen by nearly four times in the last ten-year period, according to the latest report from the Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) and the National Election Watch.
    
The report, which ADR said was based on poll expenditure statements submitted by the parties to the Election Commission, further said that total funds collected by the national parties in the last three Lok Sabha polls stood at Rs 2,237.28 crore.
    
This includes BJP's Rs 1,171.38 crore, followed by Congress' 778.49 crore, BSP's Rs 110.45 crore, NCP's Rs 90.95 crore, CPM's rs 66.27 crore and CPI's Rs 19.74 crore.
    
The report said that the total funds raised by these six  parties grew to Rs 1,158.59 crore in 2014 Lok Sabha polls, from Rs 223.8 crore in the 2004 general elections.
    
"Over a period of 10 years, funds collected by national parties during Lok Sabha elections increased by 418 percent ," ADR said, while adding that funds were collected over a 75-day period from the the date of announcement of elections and the date of completion of polls.

On their expenditure, the report said that "over a period of 10 years, the expenditure incurred by national parties during Lok Sabha elections increased by 386 percent ."
    
The national parties considered for the report are BJP, Congress, BSP, NCP, CPI, and CPM, it added. These parties incurred total expenditure of Rs 2,454 crore during the last three general polls, the report said, while adding that the expenses have exceeded the amount of funds declared to be collected by them during the election period.

The main heads under which political parties declared their expenses are "publicity, travel, other/miscellaneous expenses and expenditure on candidates".

"During Lok Sabha elections in 2004, 2009 and 2014 together national parties spent 50.58 percent  of their total expenditure on publicity, 19.68 percent  on travel expenses and 15.43 percent  on candidates and 14.31 percent  on other expenses," the report said.
     
The national parties collectively spent Rs 661.26 crore on media advertisement, Rs 126.94 crore on public meetings and Rs 70.77 crore on publicity materials during Lok Sabha polls in 2014.
     
"BJP spent the maximum amount of Rs 342.36 crore on media advertisement followed by Rs 89.56 crore on public meetings and Rs 31.35 crore on publicity materials," the report said.

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