New Delhi: Nearly 260 schools have been destroyed in Naxal violence in Maoist-affected states in the last five years, a Home Ministry report has said.
   
In another report on violence faced by educational institutions globally, UNESCO has cited various examples of Naxal violence including destruction of 11 schools in Jharkhand and nine schools in Bihar between January and July 2009.
   
The Home Ministry, in its report, said the highest number of schools hit by Naxal violence was in Chhattisgarh, followed by Jharkhand. While the figure in Chhattisgarh was 131, it was 63 in Jharkhand. 46 schools were destroyed by the Maoists in Bihar between 2006 and November this year.
   
In 2009, a total of 71 schools were attacked by the Naxals in six Maoist-hit states -- Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Altogether 59 schools were destroyed by the Naxals in 2006, 43 in 2007, 25 in 2008, 39 in 2010 and 21 in 2011 (till November), it said.
   
In its worldwide report--Education Under Attack, 2010, UNESCO said that in the whole of 2009, at least 50 schools were attacked in Jharkhand and Bihar as part of Naxals violence.

Maoists also torched the house of a para-teacher in Chowka, Jharkhand, and beat him up, it said.
   
In April 2009, a boy in Mandar, Jharkhand, was reported to have been tortured for refusing to join the Naxalites' children's brigade. In Bihar, four schools were blown up, the UNESCO said.

Over 500 killed in Naxal violence

   
Moreover, over 500 people including 124 security personnel were killed in 1,476 attacks carried out by Naxals in various states affected by Left wing extremism till November this year.
    
According to latest Home Ministry data, out of the total of 513 deaths, the highest of 182 were in Chhattisgarh, followed by 137 in Jharkhand, 50 in Maharashtra, 49 each in Bihar and Orissa, and 40 in West Bengal among others.
       
It said that Naxals carried out 1,476 attacks targeting various government and private installations, killing 389 civilians and 124 security force personnel.
    
Law enforcement agencies have arrested 1,728 naxalites, recovered 546 arms and 344 Maoists surrendered during the eleven months.
    
There were 219 incidents in which Left wing extremists targeted industries, railways, telephone exchange towers, power plants, minings, panchayat bhawan and school building among others.
    
Of these, basic transport infrastructure like roads in naxal areas bore the brunt with 119 strikes, followed by 31 attacks on telephone towers, 23 on railways properties, 21 school buildings and 12 on economic installations including uranium mines and pipe lines.
    
"It is the belief of the Government of India that a combination of calibrated police action, focused development efforts and improvements in governance will yield the desired results against Left Wing Extremists. However, there is no proposal for army deployment in the naxal affected areas," a senior Home Ministry official said.
    
Police and public order being state subjects, action with respect to maintenance of law and order lies primarily in the domain of the State Governments concerned, he said.

Agencies