New Delhi: Father of Naxalism Charu Majumdar and great revolutionary Kanu Sanyal might never have imagined the virulent form of the Left movement that has appeared now, which was initiated in 1967 from the Naxalbari village in West Bengal, aiming at change in the system.

Certainly, the purpose of the movement has taken an ugly turn and has deviated from its goal as it continues to spill blood in Jungle Mahal in the guise of protecting the rights of innocent tribals.

Today, the Naxals can go to any extent for running a parallel government in their fiefdom using the might of their collected armoury.

Even Sanyal was of the view that violence and terrorism could not bring about changes in the society. On contrary, it would make adverse effect on the movement. Today Naxalism in India has become synonymous with terror.

Taking a serious note of the issue, the Centre has resorted to use central forces in crushing the menace.

Since its origin, the movement has passed through different stages. Their growing influence prompted Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to declare them to be the most serious internal threat to India’s national security.

Former WB Chief Minister Siddhartha Shankar Ray is known for taking stern measure to suppress the movement. However, that movement has lost its relevance and it has no conformity with today’s Naxal activities.

Their origin can be traced to the split in 1967 of the Communist Party of India (Marxist), leading to the formation of the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) headed by Charu Majumdar. Several Left leaders were arrested in the state during the Congress rule.

After taking over the charge of Chief Minister, veteran CPI (M) leader Jyoti Basu had decided to release some of the political prisoners including Sanyal. By the time, Majumdar had died in Lal Bazar lock-up in 1972.

Today, the Naxal movement is posing a serious threat to the internal security of the country.

Terming the Naxals as ‘contract killers’ and ‘jungle mafia’, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has decided to take stern action against them.

Mamata said, “Everything is fair in love and war. The violence will be suppressed sternly.”
Former Chief Minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee has been saying that today’s Naxalism has no relevance with the Naxalbari uprising.

When the Left Front government led by Jyoti Basu came to power in 70’s, it was successful in dealing with the problem arising out of Naxal movement.

In fact, Left Front government had unseated the Congress government riding on the issue of land reforms. Ironically, ‘land issue’ proved to be the ‘waterloo’ in the last Assembly elections ending the 34-year rule of Left Front.


JPN/Bureau