The restrictions will additionally extend to "some regional airports, including those in the south of Russia", reported media citing Rossiyskaya Gazeta daily, (Agencies)
Sheremetyevo airport said on its website that the ban covers "all liquids, including personal hygiene items, cosmetics, medicines, liquids, sprays and gels in any amount". It also applies to "items used in arts and crafts such as paints, soil and glue".
The restriction decision, however, sparked complaints because it covers prescribed medication and baby food.
The new guidelines will remain in force through March 21 and also be applied at Moscow's Vnukovo and Domodedovo terminals.
A number of foreigners and Russians will swarm to Sochi, the resort city on the shores of the Black Sea for the February 7-23 Olympics.
Russia this week launched the largest security operation in Olympic history aimed at warding off the threat of Islamist violence following December 2013 twin suicide strikes in the southern city of Volgograd.
The December 29-30 railway station and trolleybus bombings killed 34 and fanned fears of a renewed terror campaign by militants from the nearby North Caucasus, who have threatened attacks before and during the Games.
Existing rules allowed passengers travelling across Russia to take up to 100 millilitres (3.4 ounces) of liquids on board flights.
The restrictions will additionally extend to "some regional airports, including those in the south of Russia", reported media citing Rossiyskaya Gazeta daily,