Washington: The gathering of G-8 leaders is the biggest gathering of foreign leaders at Camp David, the scenic presidential retreat in the picturesque Catoctin Mountains of Maryland, which has been witness to several historic moments in the past.
   
Of course, what was the process followed to allot the cabins to the visiting dignitaries would be a classified one, said the US National Security Advisor Tom Donilon, but he did not expected that G-8 Summit would be the biggest gathering of foreign leaders at Camp David.
   
"The summit is intended to be small and intimate, and the (US) President made a conscious decision to host the G-8 meeting at Camp David for this reason.

Each head of state or government will have his or her own cabin, and they'll have the opportunity, obviously, to meet informally on the margins of the meetings and to take full advantage of the grounds at Camp David," Donilon told reporters here during a news conference which took place on Thursday.
   
G-8, as it is called, is the exclusive group of top eight economic nations of the world powers.

It consists of the leaders from the United States, Japan, Britain, Germany, France, Italy, Canada and Russia.

The Russian President, Vladimir Putin, is not attending the summit. Instead, he would be represented by his predecessor and Prime Minister, Dmitry Medvedev.
   
Apart from them Obama has invited four African leaders —Presidents Yayi Boni of Benin, John Atta Mills of Ghana and Jakaya Kikwete of Tanzania, and Prime Minister Meles Zenawi of Ethiopia — to join food security talks.
   
"The global economy, especially the economic situation in the Eurozone, is going to be at the top of the agenda. This is the first opportunity for the leaders of the major developed economies to meet face to face since President Hollande's election in France and the political events in Greece.
   
"This of course also will be the first G-8 meeting for Prime Minister Monti of Italy and Prime Minister Noda of Japan. Obviously this comes at a very delicate time with respect to the European economy, the Eurozone economy," the top Obama aide said.
   
After the discussion on the global economy, focusing again on Europe, there will be separate, sequential sessions devoted to the following topics: energy and climate, food security that would include a working lunch on food security attended by four African heads of states, from Benin, Tanzania, Ghana and Ethiopia.
   
G-8 leaders would have another session on Afghan economic transition. "This is obviously important, as we've put together the non-security aspects of the follow-up in Afghanistan post-2014. That is, how is Afghanistan going to come out of its war economy into a stable economic situation? And what are the needs that it's going to have from the international community?" he said.
   
Responding to questions, Donilon said the leaders are also expected to discuss the current oil situation.

"The leaders and we have been engaged in an ongoing way in monitoring the global oil situation, particularly in light of the effective sanctions that we've had on Iran and its effect on oil markets. We'll continue that monitoring," he said.

(Agencies)

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