A little over 65 years have passed but Seemandhra has not settled down for a permanent capital with Hyderabad going in favour of Telangana following the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. (Agencies)
While the search for a new capital has begun, political parties have made it a key poll issue in residual Andhra Pradesh but are yet to reach any consensus on a name.
A total of 333 candidates are in the fray for 25 Lok Sabha seats and 2,243 for 175 Assembly seats in Seemandhra.
Interestingly, candidates cutting across party lines are divided over the location of the capital city and the demand ranges from Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada, Ongole and Guntur in coastal Andhra to Kurnool of Rayalaseema region.
Congress leader and Union Tribal Affairs Minister Kishore Chandra Deo stressed on the need to make Visakhapatnam the capital of Seemandhra.
"Making Visakhapatnam the state's new capital would spur development in six districts surrounding the coastal city," says Deo, who has been re-nominated from Araku (ST) constituency situated near Visakhapatnam.
Asked about apprehensions among residents in the south of Seemandhra that Visakhapatnam was not centrally located, Deo underscores that capital cities are not chosen depending on such parameters.
"Take for instance the capitals of three southern states. Bangalore, Chennai or Thiruvananthapuram are not situated in the central part of their respective states. Even our national capital Delhi is not located in the centre of India," he reasons.
But his Cabinet colleague from Kurnool constituency, Kotla Jaya Surya Prakash Reddy, begs to differ. He demands capital status for Kurnool, saying the city had the privilege of functioning as the Andhra Pradesh capital for three years in the past.
"Kurnool has plenty of water and other infrastructure required for a capital," he pointed out.
The TDP candidate from Vijayawada Lok Sabha constituency, Kesineni Srinivas, says that capital city is an important issue in the ensuing polls.
Highlighting the features of his constituency, he says, "Vijayawada is centrally located and it is in equidistant from Visakhapatnam, Anantapur, Bangalore and Chennai. Moreover, it houses one of the largest bus terminuses in Asia, besides an airport."
He assures voters that he would strive hard to secure the status of state capital for Vijayawada. Hyderabad is the second capital of united Andhra Pradesh, after Seemandhra people were denied their stakes on Chennai (formerly Madras) in early 1950s. Thereafter, Kurnool functioned as a capital for a brief period between 1953 and 1956, before Hyderabad took over the crown.
The city, housing the Charminar, became the identity of Telugus all over the world, bringing investments from far and wide. Since the development was Hyderabad-centric, other cities in coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema region could not match up with the growth of the capital city.
With Hyderabad moving to Telangana in the wake of bifurcation, the process to hunt for a new capital has begun. Seemandhra voters want equal distribution of resources and planned growth to avoid another "capital crisis".
Balaji, a lecturer in an engineering college in Guntur constituency, observes that government departments should be centred in different parts of the state.
"If the capital is situated in one region, educational institutes must be established in another region and agriculture department should be based in a different zone," he says.
A little over 65 years have passed but Seemandhra has not settled down for a permanent capital with Hyderabad going in favour of Telangana following the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh.