According to a PMO release, several scientists made presentations on the progress made by India in various fields of science in the course of the interaction which lasted for over two and a half hours.

Appreciating the work done by them, Modi called upon the scientific community to work towards solving the problems faced by India, including in the emerging critical areas of energy and water.

Modi described the task of cleaning up the rivers, including the Ganga, as a "scientific project" and said it was a challenge for Indian scientists to come up with innovative solutions to achieve the goal.

Referring to healthcare, he said Indian scientists must address the unique healthcare needs and challenges that confront the country. He mentioned the prevalence of malnutrition and the disease of sickle-cell anaemia in certain tribal areas.

Calling for overlapping traditional knowledge with modern systems, he said India must become self-reliant in medical equipment manufacturing. Describing solar energy as the ultimate solution to India's energy problems, the prime minister called upon the scientists to work towards developing more efficient equipment which could revolutionize the entire sector.

He asked the Indian scientific community to come up with ideas and concepts for global leadership in the context of the upcoming climate conference in Paris.

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