Chandigarh: Even though Haryana may have earned laurels in the field of power generation and power conservation through non-conventional sources of energy, a lot still needs to be done in this direction. Despite bagging excellence award thrice for energy conservation, the execution of the projects on the ground is still lacking.

The renewable energy policy of Haryana was envisaged in 2006. Since then, it has been amended twice. Haryana Renewable Energy Development Agency (Hareda) is the nodal agency for developing non-conventional sources of energy in the state.

As per the policy, a target of power generation of 500 MW from renewable energy sources including surplus agricultural biomass, hydro, wind and solar energy has been fixed. The prospects for renewable energy in the state are not much promising. Despite being one of the most industrialized and fastest growing states in the country, Haryana is deficient in renewable energy.

The solar insulation level in the state is in the range of 5.5 KWH to 6.5 KWH per sq metre of area. Haryana is richly endowed with solar energy resources with 320 sunny days. However, the state has negligible wind energy as only Aravali and Morini hills are expected to provide wind energy.

Moreover, the hydel projects are completely dependent on the flow of water with the state lacking in required water resources.

The only solace being the big cities where the potential of power generation is estimated to be high. According to the figures, the maximum potential of biomass exists in bigger towns like Faridabad and Gurgaon which can produce 120 to 600 tonnes of biomass.

Haryana is falling short of its renewable power generation target by 500MW.

As per the recommendations by the Centre, the state has the target of 500 MW power generation through non-conventional sources. However, the current capacity of the state is just 141.56 MW. While new projects of 211.55 MW power generation from renewable resources are in pipeline, a few are awaiting to get NOC from Environment Ministry. Following this, the work in many projects is hanging in balance.

Even as power generation through solar energy was initiated with much fanfare, the efforts seemed to be mere eyewash as only 0.25 MW of power has been generated so far.

Ironically, the 45 MW project at Solar Energy House is waiting to see the light of the day.

With power generation of 70.5 MW, the hydel project is the saving grace in the state. Sugar Mills and other industrial units are doing fine in generating 60 MW of electricity through surplus biomass generated from industrial waste.

Haryana has been successful in conserving 85 MW of electricity.

Major contribution in power conservation comes from CFL. The Haryana Electricity Board has distributed over 1,72, 554 CFLs in north and 1,20,144 CFLs in south. Meanwhile, BPL families have been given 4,54,483 CFLs under Lamp Saving scheme.

However, much work still needs to be done in the field of solar street lights and solar geyser systems, even as changes have been made in electricity system in government buildings.