Chandigarh: Unable to grab position in 117 member Legislative Assembly of Punjab from last one decade, the Left Front parties-Communist Party of India (CPI) and Communist Party of India (Marxist) are pinning their hopes on alliance with the newly formed Sanjha Morcha formed by the People's Party of Punjab (PPP) and the Shiromani Akali Dal (Longwal).

As the date for the election results inches closer, the Left Front is hopeful of getting better results in the Akali Dal-BJP dominated sate.

In 1967, the first assembly election held after the Punjab-Haryana partition, the CPI won five seats and the CPM three seats respectively. Owing to the political instability in the state, elections were again conducted in 1969 where the CPI and the CPM won two seats each. In 1972, the CPI fought the election in alliance with the Congress on 13 seats and scored an impressive victory on 10 seats. Meanwhile, the CPI (M) got only one seat.

Interestingly, the Left Front has given its best performance in the 1977 elections held after the emergency. It was during this time, the number of assembly seats was increased from 104 top 117. The CPI and the CPM captured seven and eight seats respectively. The CPM contested elections on eight seats while the CPI on 18 seats.

Till 1980 the Left Front maintained its political strength in the state. It was for the first time that both the parties together received more than 10 percent of the total votes polled. The CPI received 6.46 percent and the CPM 4.06 percent of the total votes polled.

It was after the 'Operation Blue Star' that political fortune of the Left Front drastically changed. The CPI got confined to only one seat. In 1992, when Akali Dal boycotted the elections, only four MPs of the CPI and one MP of the CPM were able to get victory in the elections.

The condition did not change much in 1997 assembly elections and the Left Front received only two seats.

However, its tie up with the Sanjha Morcha during 2012 assembly elections has made both the CPI and the CPM optimistic of favourable results in Punjab.