The lowest child sex ratio in the country has become a matter of grave concern not only for our leaders but for the society as well. The girl and boy divide which should have minimized in this era of modernization and globalization, is sadly getting bigger.

However, the country’s sex ratio in toto is dropping, few states and territories have shown improvement, if we look at their individual performances.

One such state is Punjab and Haryana. Even though is stands at the lowest sex ratio in the country’s list, it has still done well for itself.

Gender ratio in Punjab has shown a slight improvement in the 2011 census as it raised 17 points from the 2001 level.

According to the Census 2011, the sex ratio in Punjab stood at 893, a welcome improvement from 2001 level of 876 females per 1000 males.

The sex ratio in Hoshiarpur (962) and Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (954) is even higher than the over all sex ratio in India (940). Jalandhar and Rupnagar districts (913 each) and Kapurthala (912) too have a high sex ratio in the range 901-920.

However, in Bathinda the gender ratio declined by five points 865 females per 1000 males. As many as nine districts lie in the range 881-900, while six districts have sex ratio of 880 or below.

Haryana's Jhajjar (774 females) and Mahendragarh (778 females) districts have the lowest sex ratio while Lahul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh has the highest sex ratio (1,013 females).

“Many initiatives have been taken to improve the sex ratio in the state and results are visible in the provisional data,” said Chief Secretary S.C. Agrawal.

About the reasons behind the minimum sex ratio of Bathinda district, Agrawal said: ‘Bathinda’s sex ratio declined because of many reasons. There is a refinery, where around 25,000 to 30,000 male workers, who have migrated from other places, work. So they have increased the number of males in the district.’

Meanwhile, the child sex ratio (between 0-6 years of age) in Punjab has seen a good increase. It was recorded at 846 whereas in 2001 it was only 798.

As per the provisional totals, Punjab’s total population stand at 27,704,236 and the state has seen a decadal growth of nearly 14 per cent.

JPN