At the premature close of the fourth day, Australia led England by 331 with three second innings wickets remaining. (Agencies)
The teams left the field after tea with Australia 172 for seven after the umpires decided the light was too bad to allow play to continue even though the floodlights were on.
Australia captain Michael Clarke, whose side trail 2-0 in the five-match series, argued in vain with umpire Marais Erasmus and there was scattered booing from the spectators.
However, steady rain soon followed, forcing the umpires to suspend play for the day with further bad weather forecast for Monday's final day.
Australia wrapped up England's first innings for 368 in the morning session to take a 159-run lead.
The Australians then reshuffled their batting order in order to put quick runs on the board, restoring David Warner to his usual spot at opener, and the left-hander responded with 41 from 57 balls including five boundaries.
Warner was playing his first test of the series after he was suspended for punching England opener Joe Root in a Birmingham bar during the Champions Trophy earlier this year.
Clarke, who scored 187 in Australia's first innings, was again in fine touch, reaching 30 not out as Australia sought to counter England's slow over rate and defensive fields before the umpires and then the weather intervened.
At the premature close of the fourth day, Australia led England by 331 with three second innings wickets remaining.