The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill, 2012 aims to replace a law enacted by the British in 1894. Rural Development Minister Jairam Ramesh moved the bill, which was passed in the Lok Sabha last week.

The amended bill will again to Lok Sabha for consideration of changes approved by the Upper House. Most parties supported the bill but gave their suggestions to make it more farmer-friendly.

BJP’s Vinay Katiyar, who initiated the debate, said acquired land, if not used for more than five years, should go back to farmers and not to land bank. He suggested fast track courts for speedy disposal of disputes related to land acquisition.

CPI-M leader Sitaram Yechury said that farmers should be entitled to a share in the enhanced value of land after its acquisition. The BSP and the SP said that the bill had been brought with an eye on upcoming elections.

Land Bill takes middle path, says Jairam Ramesh

Rural Development Minister Jairam Ramesh said that the Land Acquisition Bill "attempted to strike a balance between development and land acquisition and protect the right of Tribals who are displaced in the process".

The minister also said the bill protected the rights of states and left it to states to decide on acquisition of fertile land. He also said irrigation projects would not come under the bill and said special economic zones would be covered by it.


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