Patna: The retail and manufacturing sectors have emerged as the largest job providers in Bihar, together giving employment to more than 14 lakh people.

 According to a report, released recently, containing summary of the latest Fifth Economic Census, 2005, around 9.77 lakh people are employed in the retail sector while more than 4.58 lakh people work in the manufacturing sector.

The two sectors account for 65 per cent of the total employment generated by all sectors.

The report said that state registered a growth of 17.31 per cent in  the number of establishments at 12.25 lakh over those found in the previous economic census conducted in 1998.

Out of this, 8.35 lakh establishments (68.23 per cent) belonged to the rural area and about 3.89 lakh (31.77 per cent) establishments were located in urban areas.
Out of total establishments, 8.20 lakh Establishments (67.02 per cent) belonged to the OAE (Own Account Establishments) category and 4.03 lakh establishments (32.98 per cent) were EHW (establishments with at least one hired worker, the report says.

The census revealed that there were about 35 thousand agricultural establishments (2.85 per cent) and 11.89 lakh non-agricultural establshments (97.15 per cent) in the state.

While comparing these figures with the previous Fourth Economic census, the number of Non-Agriculture Establishments increased by 18 per cent, but the Agricultural Establishments were reduced by 2.01 per cent in the Ecoomic Census, 2005.

The census pointed out that there are more than 6.5 lakh establishments of retail sector which is 55 per cent of the total number of establishments of Bihar, while 2.27 lakh establishments were in the manufacturing sector.

Planning and development principal Secretary Vijay Prakash said the retail and manufacturing sectors are under unorganised sectors which have emerged the largest employers.

 While there are 656162 establishments in the retail sector in the state, the manufacturing sector's establishment account for 227853 and together they constitute 74.30 per cent of the unorganised sector, the census revealed.