One of the most common genetic disorders is called neurofibromatosis that causes brown spots on the skin and benign tumours on the brain, spinal cord and other parts of the nervous system.

Neurocutaneous disorders are caused by abnormal development of cells in the embryonic stage, leading to tumours in various parts of the body.

Disorders may be inherited or develop from spontaneous mutations. Although treatments are improving, there are no cures for neurocutaneous disorders.

Among the other more common neurocutaneous disorders are tuberous sclerosis complex, which affects about 1 in 5,8000 newborns and Sturge-Weber syndrome, which affects between 1 in 20,000 and 1 in 50,000 newborns.

The report appeared in the journal Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports.

 

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