New Delhi: Scripting a new history for becoming the first from West Bengal to hold the highest post in the country, Pranab Mukherjee on Sunday defeated P A Sangma by a margin of 3,97776 vote value. He was elected the next President to embark on a new journey capping over four decades of active political innings.

Pranab Mukherjee's journey in pics

In a virtually one-side election that saw divisions in the opposition NDA, the 76-year-old UPA nominee Mukherjee secured a vote value of 7,13,763, garnering 69.3 percent of the total 10,29,750 valid votes polled.

Rival P A Sangma, who was backed by BJP and some other opposition parties like AIADMK and BJD, trailed far behind with 3,15,987 vote value in the polling that saw heavy cross-voting against him by BJP MLAs in Karnataka in favour of Mukherjee.

Sangma Total No. of Votes
MPs votes 527 206 748
Bihar 146 90 240
Chhattisgarh 39 50 90
Goa 9 31 40
Gujarat 59 123 182
Haryana 53 29 90
Jammu & Kashmir 68 15 87
Jharkhand 60 20 81
Himachal Pradesh 23 44 68
Andhra Pradesh 182 3 294
Karnataka 117 103 224
Kerala 124 - 124
Madhya Pradesh 73 156 2

"I declare that Shri Pranab Mukherjee has been duly elected to the office of President of India," Returning Officer and Rajya Sabha Secretary General V K Agnihotri after more than seven-hours of counting that went on expected lines.

A veteran of politics and art of governance, Mukherjee brings a wealth of experience to the top Constitutional office having held various key positions in the party and government at the Centre.

Troubleshooter for the UPA till recently, Mukherjee will be sworn-in as the 13th President on July 25.

In brief comments after being elected, Mukherjee pledged to "protect, defend and preserve" the Constitution. "I will try to justify in a modest way as I can to be trustworthy."

He said he was overwhelmed by the support he got from people, not limited to the electoral college comprising MPs and MLAs. "I have received much more from the country, its political establishment and Parliament than what I have given."

Congratulations poured from all over with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, Congress President Sonia Gandhi, Rahul Gandhi and senior Ministers making a beeline to his 13, Talkatora Road residence to greet him. Vice President Hamid Ansari called him to congratulate.

Each MP has a vote value of 708. There are a total of 776 voters in both the houses of Parliament. The Electoral College consists of 4120 MLAs in the states.

In Andhra Pradesh, which has a 294-member Assembly, Mukherjee got the support of 182 MLAs including that of Congress and YSR Congress while Sangma got the backing of three. Five were invalid.

In terms of vote value, Mukherjee got 26936 while Sangma 444. A total of 190 MLAs voted because TDP and TRS abstained. Each MLA in Andhra Pradesh has a vote value of 148.


Mukherjee kept up his lead even in the northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh, where he got 54 of the 59 votes polled. The vote value corresponded to 432 for Mukherjee, while it was 16 for Sangma. Three votes were invalid.
In Bihar too, where the ruling JD(U) has declared support for Mukherjee, the UPA candidate got 146 out of the 240 votes polled in the 243 member Assembly. Sangma got 90, mostly from BJP, which shares power with JD(U).

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Mukherjee's vote value in in the state was 25,258 while for Sangma it was 15,570. Three votes were invalid while one did not vote.

In BJP-ruled states of Chhattisgarh and Goa, Sangma got majority of votes.

In the 90-member Assembly Chhattisgarh, 39 votes went to Mukherjee while Sangma got 50. One vote was invalid. In terms of vote value, Mukherjee got 5,031 while Sangma got 6,450.
Mukherjee got 9 votes and Sangma 31 in 40-member Goa Assembly. In terms of vote value, Mukherjee got 180 while Sangma got 620.

Mukherjee got 59 votes and Sangma 123 votes in 182-member Gujarat Assembly where BJP has the majority.In terms of vote value, Mukherjee got 8673 while Sangma got 18,081.

In 90-member Haryana Assembly, Mukherjee got 53 while Sangma received 29. Eight were invalid. In terms of vote value, Mukherjee got 5936 and Sangma got 3248.

Pranab Mukherjee led Jammu and Kashmir and surprisingly in Jharkhand where BJP shares power with JMM. In BJP-ruled Himachal Pradesh Mukherjee trailed as expected.

In 68-member Himachal Pradesh Assembly, Mukherjee got 23 votes while Sangma won 44 votes. One vote was invalid.

Mukherjee's vote value was 1173 while it was 2244 for Sangma.

Jammu and Kashmir gave Mukherjee 68 votes while Sangma got 15 votes. Two votes were declared invalid.

Mukherjee's vote value here stands at 4896 while Sangma got 1080. The Assembly has 87 MLAs.

In 81-member Jharkhand Assembly, Mukherjee got 60 votes while Sangma won 20. Mukherjee's vote value is 10560 while Sangma's stands at 3520.

There has been apparent cross-voting in Karnataka where BJP runs a government. UPA candidate Pranab Mukherjee got the majority votes in the 224 member Assembly with 117
MLAs voting for him. Sangma could get only 103 votes while three votes were invalid. One MLA did not vote.

The value of votes polled by Mukherjee was 15327 while it was 13493 for Sangma.

In Kerala it was a clean sweep for Pranab Mukherjee. He won all the 124 votes polled while one was invalid. Sangma drew a blank. CPI and RSP members abstained from voting which has a 140 member Assembly. Vote value for Mukherjee in Kerala stood at 18848.

In 230-member Madhya Pradesh Assembly, Mukherjee got 73 votes while Sangma got 156. Four votes were invalid.

In terms of the vote share, Mukherjee got 9563 and Sangma 20,436.


Know key facts about Presidential election

•    President, the head of the republic, is also the first citizen of the country and commander in chief of armed forces. President of India is elected by an electoral college comprising the elected members of the both houses of Parliament and the members of state assemblies the assemblies of Union Territories. The election process of the President takes place in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote and the voting at such election shall be by secret ballot.

•    President of India is elected for a period of five years. Dr Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India, was the only President who was elected for two (consecutive) terms (Jan 26, 1950 to May 13, 1962). Pratibha Patial is the lone female President of the country.

•    India has witnessed 13 presidential polls during past six decades. First presidential poll took place in 1952 in which Dr Rajendra Prasad, who had been serving as the President since January 26, 1950 after being elected by the constituent assembly as the Parliament and many state assemblies were yet to be constituted, had defeated his nearest rival KT Shah.

•    In every presidential election, the official nominee of the ruling party have been elected as the President except in 1969 when Congress’ (the ruling party) official nominee Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was defeated by the independent candidate V. V. Giri (Prime Minister Indira Gandhi who was estranged with the Party organization led by K Kamraj had called the Congress lawmakers for conscience vote and conscience vote had won.)   

•    Later in July 1977, when Janata Party was in power, N Sanjiva Reddy was elected the President of India unopposed. Reddy has been the lone President who was elected unopposed.

•    KR Narayanan won 1997 presidential poll with the highest margin of votes.

•    R. Venkataraman, who was the President of India between July 1987 and July 1992, worked with highest number of Prime Ministers (Rajiv Gandhi, VP Singh, Chandrashekhar and PV Narasimha Rao) as the politics of coalition era started in his tenure which is still continued and no political party since 1984-85 general elections has been able to win majority in the Lok Sabha on its own.  

•    The residence of the Viceroy of British India which is popularly known as Raisina Hill was renamed as Rashtrapati Bhawan after the independence of the country and is now the official residence of the President of the republic.































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