In their annual letter about the work of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the philanthropist couple has said the lives of people in poor countries will improve faster in next 15 years than at any other time in the history.

In their letter, the couple has shared their thoughts about the progress towards the foundation's goals and the challenges that remain, a release said on Thursday.

This year the co-chairs' of the foundation bet on maternal and child health and sanitation as most relevant with respect to India's goal of improving reproductive, maternal, newborn child and adolescent health under the goals of the National Rural Health Mission.

They are aligned on the fact that technological innovations are necessary to overcome the problems that India faces today, whether it is sanitation or financial services for the poor.

They expressed happiness over the fact that new vaccine introduction is becoming a reality in India with the expected introduction of Rotavac, first indigenously developed vaccine related to severe rotavirus diarrhoea in low-resource settings in India, by January-end.

The noted philanthropists said in 1990, one in 10 children in the world died before the age of five years.

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