New Delhi: Words like koya, korwa, balti, kharia, khaasi, etc may sound alien to new generation but these are very much part of languages which are closely intertwined with history, culture and civilisation of India. Fighting for their existence, as many as 20 languages out of 62 are already on the verge of extinction.

However, overshadowed by English and other major languages, these languages have a chance to regain their dominance as the Planning Commission is mulling over an Indian Languages Development Scheme to save the languages which are inching to their doomsday.

The Human Resource Development (HRD) Ministry is going to discuss the scheme with Education Ministers of various states along with Union Education Advisory Council.

Around 100 languages in Assam, Arunachal, Jammu and Kashmir, Orissa, Karnataka, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Meghalaya, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tripura and other states are in danger as they are listed in the Schedule (8) of the Indian Constitution.

Interestingly, nearly 3.50 crore people read, speak and write these languages and still the Centre and state governments are not concerned with their extinction.

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) observed that 62 languages have not figured in the Schedule (8) of the Constitution so they will be no longer in existence.

According to a report by UNESCO, around two lakh people in Assam and Arunachal speak ‘Aadi’ language, but it is in danger.

Vishnu Puria in Tripura and Assam, Bhutia in Sikkim, J&K and Himachal, Bhumiji in Orissa, Jharkhand and west Bengal, Kurgi and Kogadu in Karnataka, Balti in J&K and Nagaland are widely spoken, however they are on the verge of extinction.

JPN/Bureau