New Delhi: Italian Ambassador Daniele Mancini may face tough questions on Monday from the Supreme Court when it takes up the issue of Italy reneging on its undertaking to send back its marines charged with the killing of two Indian fishermen off the Kerala coast last year.

Law Minister Ashwani Kumar, who described the Italian government's refusal to send back the marines as "unprecedented", still hope that the Supreme Court's order will be complied with by Italy as the deadline for their return ends on March 22.

"The communication by the Italian government declining to send back the marines after giving undertaking to the highest court of the country through its Ambassador is unprecedented. The Prime Minister has already made a statement on the issue (in Parliament). The Attorney General (GE Vahanvati) will convey the government's stand on Monday depending upon the response of the Italian government in the court. It is sincerely hoped that the order of the Supreme Court will be complied with," Kumar said.

Some legal experts feel that Mancini can be hauled up by the apex court for contempt and that he cannot seek diplomatic immunity. Harish Salve, who quit as Italian government's counsel, feels that Mancini breached a solemn undertaking given to Supreme Court which can take action against the envoy including sending him to jail.

Salve said he feels that the Ambassador will find it "very hard" to explain in the court why he went back on the undertaking. Responding to a query on enforcing action against a person enjoying diplomatic immunity, the senior lawyer said, "Our Constitution commands everybody will act in aid and according to directions of the Supreme Court".

The apex court had on March 15 restrained the Italian Ambassador from leaving the country without its permission, taking exception to his government's refusal to send back the marines. The court had issued notices to Mancini and also the two marines asking them to file their response by Monday.

The two marines, Massimiliano Lattore and Salvatore Girone, were allowed by the apex court to go to Italy to cast their vote in the elections there after the Italian Ambassador had given an assurance to send them back. Government is mulling various options including declaring the Italian Ambassador as persona non-grata and downgrading of relations.

It has already asked its Ambassador-designate to Italy Basant Kumar Gupta not to proceed to Rome as a review of the entire gamut of ties with Italy was underway by the government. If this comes through, there will be no Ambassador-level representation between the two countries.  Going forward on these options would depend on the outcome of the Supreme Court hearing on Monday.

As legal and diplomatic circles debate the issue, Government has also to consider what step it needs to take if for some reason Mancini decides not to respond to the court notice by on Monday.

Keeping in view the sensitive nature of the case, Government may also seek directions from the apex court on the next course of action. The matter was posted for further hearing on Monday after the Attorney General (AG) pleaded for an urgent hearing on this issue. On the last hearing, the AG brought the issue before the bench saying that "it's a breach of undertaking given to the highest court of the land and the government is extremely concerned about it".

The two marines were on board Italian vessel 'Enrica Lexie', when they shot dead two fishermen off the Kerala coast on February 15, last year. The marines were allowed by the apex court on February 22 to travel to Italy for four weeks under the control and custody of the Italian Ambassador, to cast their ballot in the elections scheduled there for February 24-25.

The court had said that the marines are only allowed to travel to Italy and remain there and will have to return to India. The Italian government, which had given an undertaking before the apex court that the marines will be sent back, had on March 11 sent a 'Note Verbale' to the Indian government informing it that the two will not be sent back.

Earlier, on January 18, the apex court had turned down the Italian government's plea that the Indian courts had no jurisdiction in the case and had held that the two marines should be tried by the Centre by constituting a special court to conduct their trial.


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