The six feet tall stone that is estimated to be around 3,500 years old calcite block is called Tempest Stele. It has a 40 line inscription that apparently describes rain and darkness. The text is in horizontal lines, copied on both sides of a calcite block.

According to sources, Tempest Stele dates back to the reign of the pharaoh Ahmose, the first pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty. His rule marked the beginning of the New Kingdom, a time when Egypt’s power reached its height.

The block was found in pieces in Thebes, modern Luxor, where Ahmose ruled.

Scientists at the University of Chicago’s Oriental Institute believe that the unusual weather patterns described on the slab were the result of a massive volcano explosion at Thera - the present-day island of Santorini in the Mediterranean Sea.

The research, published in the Journal of Near Eastern Studies, hints that the inscription might give new evidence about the chronology of events in the ancient Middle East.


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