European Commission Vice President Frans Timmermans said the EU is "a long way from being satisfied" with the effort from Ankara so far, especially after offering 3 billion euros in aid and political concessions like an easing of visa restrictions and the fast-tracking of its EU membership process only two months ago.

Germany alone has said that about 3,200 people are arriving each day, many through Turkey, and that numbers haven't declined despite commitments to do something about it.

In all, nearly 1.1 million people were registered as asylum-seekers in Germany last year, more than 400,000 of them from Syria.

"We will continue in our efforts to make sure that we deliver the results that we agreed with Turkey," Timmermans said.

Beyond seeking to contain the refugee crisis by helping Turkey to better keep people from crossing into the EU, the continent is also desperately trying to bolster its porous external borders, especially in the Mediterranean to try to decrease the number of tragedies in 2016 compared to last year.

The EU's reaction has been anything but united, with several nations imposing internal border checks again and few member states coming forward to help ease the burden of countries like Germany and Sweden, which have been among the primary destinations for refugees and asylum-seekers.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel, meanwhile, was calling on her European allies to better share responsibility to deal with the migrant crisis.

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