Pillay reminded "all leaders in key positions, whether they belong to anti-Balaka, ex-Seleka or the former army, FACA, have clear obligations under international law", Martin Nesirky said here on Wednesday.

They have a responsibility to refrain from committing, ordering, inciting or instigating violations of international law and to prevent subordinates from committing such violations, the UN high commissioner for human rights said.

"Most of the ongoing human rights violations are being committed by anti-Balaka elements who are deliberately targeting the Muslim population of the capital," she noted.

According to UN, thousands of people are estimated to have been killed in CAR, and 2.2 million, or about half of the population, needs humanitarian aid due to a conflict which erupted when mainly Muslim Seleka rebels launched attacks in December 2012.

The violence has since taken on increasingly sectarian overtones. The overall situation in capital Bangui seems "slightly calmer", said Pillay. However, the situation outside Bangui is "evolving dangerously".

After their retreat from the southern and western parts of the country, ex-Seleka forces are now regrouping in their traditional stronghold in the north, she noted, adding that given the strong feelings of resentment among ex-Seleka forces and the displaced Muslim population, the large non-Muslim community is clearly exposed to violence.

Last week, the UN allocated an additional10 million USD from its emergency humanitarian fund to support the most critical relief operations in CAR.


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