United Nations: The UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) on Friday appealed for USD 1.28 billion to provide humanitarian assistance to children in over 25 countries this year.

"We have achieved many positive results in emergency settings in 2011 but the urgent and long-term needs of millions of children and their families will continue in 2012," said Rima Salah, Unicef's acting deputy executive director.

The agency launched its 2012 Humanitarian Action for Children report in Geneva on Friday, a news agency reported.

It highlights the massive humanitarian operation in the Horn of Africa, where the Unicef activated its highest level of emergency response to run an operation to save the lives of hundreds of thousands of children and women on the brink of survival.

The needs of children and their families displaced by violence stemming from the November 2010 elections in Cote d'Ivoire and the independence of South Sudan from its northern neighbour, Sudan, are also featured.

The report also discusses the five million people affected by a second year of flooding in Pakistan and the operation to rebuild Haiti two years after an earthquake shattered the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere.

In addition, it cites the humanitarian needs arising from the wave of political turmoil and change in the Middle East and North Africa, especially in Yemen, which is already affected by a long-standing emergency crisis.

(Agencies)